Adenosine deaminase is related to the activation of lymphocytes. It is a protein which is produced by cells throughout the body. The infection such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria responsible for tuberculosis may increase the amounts of Adenosine deaminase and affects the immune system.
The elevated level of ADA in fluid form from another part of the body such as CSF or peritoneal fluid increases the risk of tuberculosis in the pleurae.
This test helps to measure the amount of Adenosine deaminase (ADA) present in pleural fluid. It also helps in the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection of the pleurae.
Procedure of the Test:
The lab technician will collect a sample of pleural fluid with a syringe using a procedure called thoracentesis (pleural tap).
Why get tested?
The doctor may advise taking the ADA Adenosine Deaminase Serum Test to detect the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in pleural fluid. In rare cases, it is also advised to detect the presence of infection in the other body fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or peritoneal fluid.
The doctor may ask the patient to take the test if he/she is experiencing symptoms such as:
Shortness of Breath
This test includes
ADA Adenosine Deaminase Serum
It is recommended to inform the doctor if the patient has any lung disease like emphysema or lung cancer. Also, inform the doctor if the patient is pregnant.
It is important to inform the doctor about the on-going medications including blood thinners like clopidogrel (Plavix) aspirin, or warfarin (Coumadin).