Bed Bug Bites

Bed bugs are oval-shaped insects with no wings. Their color is reddish-brown. These insects feed by sucking the blood of animals or humans. They generally bite during your sleeping time. They can bite anywhere on your body. Mostly they bite on the areas which are visible while sleeping including arms, legs, hands, neck, face, and shoulders. They release a little amount of anesthesia into the body before biting that is why you do not experience anything when they bite. It is not necessary that everyone will experience the symptoms of bug bed bite. Though, some people may experience severe symptoms due to a bed bug bite. Serious symptoms include blisters, swollen tongue, irregular heartbeat, flu-like or nauseous feeling, fever and difficulty in breathing. Bug bites may cause sores, itchiness, or irritation. There are some treatment options available for bed bug bites including antihistamines and good hygiene. You can follow various tips that will help you to get prevention from bed bug bites.

Symptoms of Bed bug bites

Most of the bug bites cause some degree of pain including inflammation and itchiness. Check out some of the symptoms or signs of bed bug bites:

-  You may have a burning sensation that causes pain due to bed bug bites.

-  An itchy bump may appear on your skin with a clear center due to a bite of the bed bug.

-  An itchy bump may appear which is red in color with a dark center and swollen lighter surrounding portion.

-  Bed bug bites may cause hives or blisters to surround red small bumps.

-  Irregular heartbeat, fever, swollen tongue, flu-like or nauseous feeling, a difficulty in breathing, and blisters are some of the serious symptoms of bed bug bites that require an immediate visit to a doctor.

-  Sometimes, it can lead to lack of sleep, decreased well being, and increased chances of catching an infection. These are some additional health complications that can occur when people live with bed bugs.

-  Scratching the bug bite can lead to another infection that may swell or bleed.

-  You may notice welts or small red bumps in a line or a zigzag pattern.

Causes of Bed bug bites

The venom that is injected by the bug into the body of a human or animal may cause various symptoms of bed bug bites.

How is it diagnosed?

It is easy to diagnose a bed bug bite with the help of appearance, reaction, and placement of bed bug bites. The bed bug bite is red in color, round in shape and looks bump up from the epidermis. The bug bites generally appear in clusters or lines and resemble the bites of mosquitoes. They generally appear on the exposed skin including arms, legs, hands, neck, face, and shoulders. The reaction of a bug bite differs from person to person. Some may experience itching while others may experience blistering. As soon as you suspect that a bug has bitten you, you should check the bed bugs in your home in mattresses, furniture, and walls. Bugs are generally active during night time so it is the best time to inspect. You may find the stains of blood on your bed sheets which indicate that you may have accidentally crushed some bugs. You may find a dark spot on the mattress indicating the excrement of a bed bug. You may find the empty skins of bed bugs that are pale yellow in color as bed bugs molt around five times before turning adults. If your symptoms are bothering you or you have severe symptoms then you should reach out to a doctor for the best treatment.

Prevention

Check out various tips that will help you to get prevention from bed bug bites:

-  The best way to prevent bed bug bites is to prevent the insects feeding, breeding, and entering in the environment of humans.

-  You should seal or fill crevices, seams, and cracks with caulking, glue, or some other product.

-  It is important that you clean your bed clothing and bedding regularly.

-  You should avoid infested areas to prevent bed bug bites.

-  If you suspect that there are bugs in your room then you should immediately look for the solution to remove the bugs. The affected room can be treated with the help of a specialist in pest control.

-  If you want to prevent your mattress from bed bugs then you can seal your mattress.

-  If you are staying in any hotel then you should check if your room has signs of bed bugs. You should check the luggage racks, headboard, and mattress.

-  Try to keep your luggage bag away from luggage racks and bed to prevent your luggage from being infested.

-  After coming from outside you should check your clothes and put them in the washer. Washing your clothes in hot water does not help to kill the bed bugs. You can eliminate the beg bugs by drying your clothes at a high temperature.

-  You should never store your luggage under your bed as it increases the chances of making luggage infested with bed bugs.

-  Some other important tips that are used to prevent bed bugs are keeping your stuff separate if taken to work or school, vacuuming regularly, and removing clutter.

-  You should try to cover skin as much as possible while sleeping as bugs are generally active in the night.

Treatment of  Bed bug bites

A few treatment options are available when it comes to treating bed bug bites which are uncomplicated.  Generally, most of the wounds heal on their own within the time period of a week or sometimes two. If you are experiencing severe inflammation, itchiness, or swelling then you should look for the best doctor. Sometimes, severe itchiness can lead to various health complications such as scarring or an infection. Check out various treatment options available to treat bed bug bites:

-  The first treatment option that is generally recommended is to clean the wound with water and soap.

-  If bug bites are causing you itching, you may use various treatment options to relieve minor symptoms including antihistamines, anti-itch creams and over-the-counter hydrocortisone which you can also buy online.

-  Due to an allergic reaction, you may experience a dramatic immune response. In such cases, you should go for an injectable corticosteroid, epinephrine medication, or antihistamine.

-  If you get an infection due to bed bug bites then you may antibiotics.

-  Your doctor may prescribe you antihistamine liquid or pills and corticosteroid creams if you are experiencing severe itching.

Complications

Many complications are associated with bed bug bites. Check out some of the complications:

- Lack of sleep: It is one of the major complications associated with bed bug bites. Some people are not able to sleep properly with the thought of that bed bugs bite only at night. It can be an extremely stressful situation.

- Infection: Sometimes, bed bug bites can lead to an infection. Infections can swell and bleed. Secondary infection can occur due to scratching.

- Decreased wellbeing: As people are not able to sleep properly due to bed bug bites so it can lead to anxiety, fatigue, depression, and reduced immune function.

- Allergic reaction: Every person has a different reaction from bed bug bites. The reaction can range from mild to extreme. If you get an allergy from bed bugs then you need to be cautious and you should seek medical help whenever you a get a bite from the bed bug.

Myths Related to  Bed bug bites

Check out various myths about bed bug bites:

Myth #1: Bedbugs bite only during the night.

Many people have this misconception that bed bugs bite only at night. The truth is that they can bite you anytime. You cannot keep the bugs away by keeping your light on at night. They suck the blood of animals or humans whenever they are hungry. Bugs can bite even if you are sitting on a couch.

Myth #2: Bedbugs live only in mattresses.

Fact: It is incorrect to say that bed bugs live only in mattresses. Bed bug is an inaccurate name as it should also be known as train bug, movie theater bug, suitcase bug, and pet bug as per Kelly. Bed bugs can easily spread from the bed into the living area. You can easily notice them on the surface including railings, ceilings, and chairs.

Myth #3: Bedbugs transmit disease.

Fact: Bed bug bites can lead to sleep deprivation, anxiety, and secondary infections. But by now, it has not been reported that bed bugs transmit a disease to humans.

Myth #4: Bed bugs travel on the body of animals or humans.

Fact: It is a myth that bed bugs travel on the body of animals or humans. They do not prefer heat so they do not stick on the skin or in hair like ticks or lice. They do not even stay on your clothes which are close to your body. They are more prone to travel on luggage, shoes, backpacks and other things that are far away from the bodies.

Conclusion

Bed bugs are the small oval-shaped insects that cannot fly. They suck the blood of animals and humans. You should seek medical help if your symptoms are bothering you for a long time or you are experiencing severe symptoms. Serious symptoms include irregular heartbeat, fever, swollen tongue, flu-like or nauseous feeling, a difficulty in breathing, and blisters. Bed bugs can bite anywhere on your body. They generally bite on arms, legs, hands, neck, face, and shoulders as these areas are generally exposed while sleeping.

You can easily suspect that bed bugs have bitten you with the help of appearance, reaction, and placement of bed bug bites. There are a few treatment options available for treating bed bug bites. The first treatment that is generally used is to clean the wound with water and soap. You should follow various tips to get prevention from bed bug bites including clean your bed clothing and bedding regularly, seal or fill crevices, seams, and cracks, seal the mattress, and cover your skin as much as possible while sleeping. The best prevention method is to stop the insects feeding, breeding, and entering in the environment of humans.

You do not experience any pain when bed bugs bite because they release a little amount of anaesthesia into your body. Many complications are associated with bed bug bites. Lack of sleep, anxiety, decrease well-being, infection, and allergic reaction are some of the complications of bed bug bites. People have a lot of myths or misconceptions about bed bug bites. Bed bugs bite only during the night is one of the common myths. Bed bugs travel on the body of animals or humans is another myth.

If you are looking for the answers to various questions including:

-  What is a bed bug bite?

-  What are the signs or symptoms of a bed bug bite?

-  What are the causes of a bed bug bite?

-  How is a bed bug bite diagnosed?

-  How is a bed bug bite prevented?

-  How is a bed bug bite treated?

-  What are the various complications associated with a bed bug bite?

-  What are the various myths about a bed bug bite?

Then you are at the right place. Please refer to the above-mentioned information in order to get answers to all your questions.

Last updated on : 14-09-2018

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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