Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, is a mental condition that causes mood swings including emotional highs and lows. This disorder causes frequent changes in mood, energy levels, and even behavior. The cycles of bipolar disorder may extend to weeks and even months. Such episodes of mood swings may occur at multiple times in a year. The mood shifts in bipolar disorder are so intense that they might affect a person’s ability to function. The first episode of this disorder occurs during teen days or when a person matures. The symptoms of this disease can affect a person’s job, relationships and disturb their daily life.
In this condition, when the patient becomes depressed, he or she may lose interest in most activities. While, when the mood shifts to mania, he may feel euphoric and full of energy. These mood swings may affect a person’s sleeping patterns, behavior and thought process.
This disorder is a permanent condition, but one can manage mood swings and other symptoms by following a proposed treatment plan.
There are several types of bipolar disorders , which include mania, hypomania and depression. These symptoms can cause unforeseeable changes in a person’s mood and behavior that are known as mood episodes. These episodes are different from the moods and behavior that are typical for a person. The symptoms of bipolar disorder look different in pattern, severity and frequency. Some patients are prone to either mania or depression, while some alternate between the two types of these episodes. Some people may have mood disruptions, while some experience only some over a lifetime.
There are 4 types of mood disorders, mania, hypomania, depression and mixed episodes. These symptoms differ from person to person and may vary over time.
In this situation, a person feels high on energy, creativity and extremely happy. It is a condition in which a person may talk continuously, sleep a little and be hyperactive. This symptom may get out of control, as a person behaves recklessly, engages in sexual activity and make inappropriate decisions.
Some of the common symptoms of bipolar mania are:
Hypomania and mania are different types of episodes having the same symptoms. The former is the less severe than mania, in which the symptoms do not impact a person’s daily life and does not include any psychotic symptoms.
When a person experiences a hypomanic mood episode, some of the symptoms need to be present at a significant level:
Patients who experience hypomanic episode are diagnosed with bipolar II disorder, which is a serious mental condition that can cause major problems if left untreated. In such a situation, a person experiences a significant change that is unexpected of the person. He or she may feel more productive and amicable than they usually are.
A hypomanic episode brought about by the effects of a treatment or maybe a drug is not diagnosed, unless it persists beyond the physiological effects.
Bipolar depression is often confused with regular depression , but research has shown that there are significant differences between the two. In this disorder, the manic episodes alternate with periods of emotional laws that are known as depressive episodes. Most cases of bipolar depression are not treated with antidepressants. As they might make them worse by triggering mania or hypomania, which causes rapid shifts between different mood states.
This form of disorder causes irritability, unpredictable mood swings and restlessness. There are chances that the affected person may develop psychotic depression; in which he or she may lose contact with reality and experience issues in work and social functioning.
The symptoms of bipolar depression include:
Mood episodes in bipolar disorder may happen very often. Sometimes, one notices that certain activities may trigger mania or depression, like feeling less sleepy or changes in daily routine. Some patients experience seasonal patterns in their mood swings.
Patients suffering from such disorder should immediately speak to a doctor if they are facing mood swings that affect their life on a whole.
In case if one notices symptoms of bipolar disorder in themselves or somebody else, waiting would be of no help. Ignoring the issue will not help in any way, instead will make it worse. If not taken proper treatment, then it may lead to several other problems that can affect a person’s health, relationship and even career. Therefore, it is recommended to start the treatment as soon as possible.