Congenital heart defects are the abnormalities that are found in the heart since birth. These birth defects alter the flow of blood through the heart. Furthermore, some serious defects may cause life threatening complications in some individuals. The treatment for treating congenital heart disease can be done soon after birth, during childhood, or in adulthood. Diagnosis and treatment may get delayed in case the congenital defects do not cause any symptoms until adulthood. In such cases, the newly discovered congenital heart defect may cause symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, reduced ability to exercise and fatigue.
A congenital heart defect may affect one’s heart walls, heart valves or blood vessels. Depending on the severity of the congenital heart defect in adults, the treatment options vary. Thorough monitoring, medications and open heart surgeries are some of the treatment options. The defects that have been treated in childhood may get worsened over time and cause further problems in adulthood. Furthermore, formation of scar tissue around the original repair may cause heart arrhythmias. The risk of complications such as heart failure, stroke and heart infections can be prevented by correcting the heart defects.