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Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet: Uses, Side Effects, Composition & Dosages

Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet works as an anticonvulsant that lowers the abnormal nerve impulses in the brain that causes severe reactions like pain and seizures. Dexona cures nerve pains such as trigeminal neuralgia various allergic reactions and bipolar disorder.

Uses and Benefits of Dexona:

Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet is used to treat conditions like severe allergic reactions, asthma, allergy symptoms, rheumatic disorders, eye disorders and nephrotic syndrome, skin disorders.

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Side Effects of Dexona :

Most side effects of Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet are not life-threatening, but some can be life-threatening and the patients should be alert and notice if they experience side effects after consuming Dexona. Some side effects that patients may experience as a result of consuming Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet are:

  • Coordination issues
  • Fever , sore throat, lip or face swelling
  • Drowsiness
  • Feeling of nausea which may be followed by vomiting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dark stool and urine
  • Appetite loss
  • Skin rash
  • Experiencing chills and problems with breathing
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Bone degradation
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Redistribution/accumulation of body fat
  • Muscle disorders
  • Scars on the skin
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Altered bone growth
  • Behavioural changes
  • Cataract
  • Increased glucose level in blood

In case patients experience any of these side effects, it is advisable to seek immediate medical attention. It is to be remembered that most side effects occur due to a high dose given by the physician, of which he/she will inform you, or because of long-term ingestion.

Sometimes, consuming Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet increases risk of an infection. Patients should keep an eye out for the following symptoms, and consult the doctor if any of these symptoms are experienced:

  • Painful urination
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • an unhealing wound
  • Flu-like symptoms

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Common Dosage of Dexona:

Swallow the Tablet whole, and under no circumstances should the medicine be broken, crushed or chewed. Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet can be consumed with or after meals. Ensure to not take it before meals as it may cause an upset stomach.

Missing a dosage is not a big issue, and if it isn’t too long after eating meals, The Drug still can be consumed. However, if the time for the next dose is too close to the next dose, the medicine should not be advised and the next scheduled dose should be consumed.

Amount and the duration of the course of the medicine will depend on severity of condition as seen fit by the doctor. In certain case, the dose is decreased over time as the patient recovers.

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Composition and Nature of Dexona Tablet:

It is made of dexamethasone (0.5mg), and is manufactured by Zydus Cadila. It comes in two forms- Tablets and injections.

Precautions and Warnings - When to Avoid Dexona Tablet?

As with many drugs, consuming Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet with alcohol for it could show harmful effects in some cases, even though the exact results of mixing the two are still unknown. Pregnant women should refrain from consuming Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet without advice from the physician as it could affect the foetus. This also includes women who are lactating or planning pregnancy in the near future. The opinion of the doctor is vital in such cases.

Another important point to remember is that Dexona, be it in the form of tablet or injection, may cause dizziness (vertigo as well). It could also affect the muscle reflexes and cause weakness, so it is best to ignore driving after consuming this drug. As an extension, working in construction or with heavy machinery should also be avoided doing so when under this dosage. While kidney patients can consume Dexona without any risks, it is best for liver patients to consult the physician regarding consumption.

Substitutes for Dexona Tablet:

Alternatives for Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet include:

  • Decadron
    Anusol hc
    Pred Forte
    Deltasone
    Medrol

Dexona Tablet Interactions with Other Drugs:

All medicine interact differently for person to person. One should check all the possible interactions with the doctor before starting the medication.

Disease interaction

  • Gastrointestinal perforations: Dexona can cause perforations and bleeding in the gut when taken in high doses. Therefore, Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet should be taken with caution by patients having a pre-existing perforation disorder of the stomach or intestine.
  • Myocardial infarction: Dexona should be used with extra care by patients who have recovered or are recovering from a recent heart attack.

Drug interaction

Avoid mixing of Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet with drugs like:

  • Clarithromycin
  • Itraconazole
  • Chlorthalidone
  • Clotrimazole
  • Cilnidipine
  • Carbamazepine
  • Repaglinide
  • Indapamide
  • S-Amlodipine
  • Lercanidipine
  • Glipizide
  • Bacillus Calmette-Guerin high strength
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Azithromycin

It is also advisable to let your doctor know of any other medications that you are under, or were under recently. And of any surgeries or procedures that you might have undergone any time soon. This is to avoid interactions between Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet and the meds given during these instances.

Variants of Dexona Tablet:

The following are the variants of the medicine:

  • Dexona tablet
  • Dexona Injection

Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet Price in India:

Strip of 20 tablets: 4.08 INR
Strip of 30 tablets: 6.12

Dexona Injection

4 mg injection: 5.98

8 mg injection: 8.32

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How Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet works?

Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet falls under a group of medicine known as corticosteroids, which help keep away allergic reactions by stopping the release of chemicals that lead to allergies. The medicine is an anticonvulsant which lessens the occurrence of abnormal nerve impulses in the brain, which are responsible for triggering severe reactions like seizures and acute pain. It also has the ability to treat bipolar disorder.

How to use Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet?

Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet should be taken as told by the doctor, adhering strictly to each detail regarding the consumption of the medicine. Dexona is available in the form of capsule and tablet and should be consumed whole without breaking it. Dexona is also available in syrup form. The effect of Dexona is slow. Side effects caused by the medicine takes a couple of weeks to subside.

Before starting the medication, patients should give the detailed information about their medical history and current medical condition. They should inform the doctor if they suffer from heart problems, mental illness and kidney disorder. A pregnant woman should clearly follow the instructions on dosage and consumption. One should not self-medicate without the doctor’s advice as it can cause complications for the unborn child.

When Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet is prescribed?

  • Inflammation: As an anti-inflammatory medicine, Dexona relieves inflammation in various parts of the body. It is used to cure swelling caused due to the tumors of the spine and brain.
  • Joint inflammation: Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet is effective in reducing inflammation-the process that causes the joint pain, swelling of arthritis and related conditions.
  • Eye inflammation: Allergies and inflammatory conditions of the iris, conjunctiva and optic nerves of the eyes can be treated with this medicine.
  • Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV): Nausea and vomiting are the serious side effects of cancer chemotherapy that causes negative impact on the patient’s life and ability to adhere to the therapy. Therefore, this medicine is recommended for the prevention of CINV in patients having low emetogenic potential.
  • Bacterial Meningitis: This condition inflames the tissues and fluid around the brain causing pressure within the brain. Due to the increased pressure, seizures may occur. Inflammation and pressure can damage the nerves coming from the brainstem that controls hearing. Immediate treatment of meningitis with Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet can prevent hearing loss and seizures.
  • Epilepsy : Dexona is used for treating epilepsy that causes repeated seizures. The patient may experience jerks and unconsciousness.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: This condition causes acute pain in the teeth or face. It is caused by irritation of the trigeminal nerve that stimulates face, scalp and oral activity.
    Early medication of this medicine helps in relieving the sensations caused by the disease.

Is Dexona banned in India?

Dexona is readily available in India. Since it is a prescription only medicine, the patient must consult a doctor before starting its dosage.

Medicines not to be taken with Dexona:

The consistent use of these drugs along with Ketorol TD should be avoided. They are as following:

  • Deflazacort
  • Levofloxacin
  • Live attenuated vaccines and related products
  • Hydrocodone
  • Carbamazepine
  • Indapamide
  • Roxithromycin
  • Gliclazide
  • Itraconazole
  • Clarithromycin
  • Phenobarbitone
  • Cilnidipine
  • Magnesium Hydroxide
  • Glimepiride

How to Store Dexona?

Keep Dexona in a closed container away from the reach of children. It should be stored at room temperature away from heat and moisture. It is important to keep Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet away from the reach of children. In order to save children from poisoning, always lock the caps and keep them in a safe place.

Dispose unwanted medicine in a way that pets and children cannot consume them. Do not flush this medicine down the toilet.

Dexona should be taken before food or after food?

This medicine should be taken exactly as told by the doctor. One should never change the dose the medicine or stop taking it suddenly unless the doctor recommends. Tell the doctor if the prescription runs out. It should be taken with food or milk for loose motions. It is mostly suggested to take the dose after evening.

FAQ’s

1) Which other drugs interact with Dexona Tablet?

Ans: The medicines that are known to interact with this medicine are:

  • Clarithromycin
  • Itraconazole
  • Chlorthalidone
  • Clotrimazole
  • Cilnidipine
  • Carbamazepine
  • Repaglinide
  • Indapamide
  • S-Amlodipine
  • Lercanidipine
  • Glipizide
  • Bacillus Calmette-Guerin high strength
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Azithromycin

2) What do other users say about Dexona Tablet?

Ans: Users of this medicine, who follow prescription and the doctor’s advice always find efficient results. Its anti-inflammatory properties help in curing the various diseases.

3) Is it safe to take Dexona tablet during pregnancy and breastfeeding?

Ans: The use of this medicine is not recommended for pregnant or women who are breastfeeding unless absolutely necessary. Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus. Therefore, it is important to consult your doctor before using this medicine.

4) What precautions should be taken while using Dexona tablet?

Ans:

  • Driving: It is advised not to drive after taking Dexona as it causes dizziness. You may experience changes in the eyesight and muscle weakness. This may affect your driving ability.
  • Other medicines - There are chances that Dexona may interact with any medicine that you might be taking. Report the use of all medicine including herbs and supplements to the doctor to ensure safe use of Dexona.
  • Allergic reaction - Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet can cause moderate to a severe allergic reaction in the body. Any instance indicative of allergic reactions should be told to the doctor right away.
  • Other diseases - Use Dexona with extra care if the patient is suffering from diseases like cirrhosis, peptic ulcer disease, kidney diseases etc. Immediately report the instance of other diseases as well before the treatment is initiated.

5) Can dexona tablet increase the blood sugar level?

Ans: Yes, dexona can raise blood sugar level in diabetic patients. It increases the glucose production in the body and decreases the effect of insulin in the pancreas. Therefore, diabetic patients should consult their doctor.

6) Is it safe to discontinue Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet on my own or doctor’s advice?

Ans: No, do not discontinue the medicine on your own or without speaking to the doctor. Discontinuation of the medicine without doctor’s advice can cause withdrawal symptoms. Also, do not take Dexona without consulting a doctor as it is a prescription medicine. As it suppresses the immune system that lowers the immunity and cause an infection.

7) Does taking Dexona increase my weight?

Ans: Yes, long term usage of the medicine can cause weight gain due to increased appetite and fluid retention that can increase the weight. But this happens if Dexona is taken in the tablet form.

8) What all information should be kept in mind during the course of the treatment?

Ans: It is suggested to keep all the appointments with the doctor. Checkups are important for children as the medicine can lessen the bone growth. Also, do not let anyone else take the medicine. It is essential for the patients to keep a list of all the medicines you are taking, including the vitamins and other supplements.

You should bring the list every time you visit the doctor or if you are admitted to the hospital.

9) What are the side effects caused by Dexona tablet?

Ans: Side effects of Dexona depend on the dose, frequency of the medicine. Short term usage of the medicine is well-tolerated and can cause mild side effects. While high dosage of the medicine can produce serious side effects. Some of the major and minor side effects are observed after the consumption of Dexona. Mentioned below is the list of side effects caused by Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet:

  • Allergic reaction
    Swelling on various body parts
  • Blurred vision
  • Black or tarry stools
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Drowsiness

10) Is it safe to take Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet with paracetamol?

Ans: Yes, the medicine can be taken with paracetamol. No harmful drug interaction has been reported after taking this combination. However, if you notice any of the side effects, immediately contact your doctor.

11) In what all medical conditions Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet is used?

Ans: Dexona is used to treat of leukemia and lymph gland cancers. Blood disease involving destruction in the body’s immune system of platelets is also treated with Dexona. Other conditions are thyroiditis and sarcoidosis. Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet is used as a replacement therapy in patients whose adrenal glands are not able to produce corticosteroids.

12) In what medical conditions Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet should not be used?

Ans: Dexona should not be used in the following conditions:

  • Allergy: If you have allergy to its ingredients, then avoid taking the medicine.
  • Bone marrow suppression: If you have history of bone marrow suppression or any blood disorder, then do not take the medicine.

13) What dietary instructions should be followed during the course of the treatment?

Ans: The doctor may allow you to take a low-sodium, potassium-rich and high-protein diet. In order to avoid upset stomach, always take Dexona with food or milk.

14) Does Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet causes low potassium?

Ans: The long-term usage of Dexona may cause low potassium in the body that increases the excretion of potassium in the urine. This causes symptoms such as tiredness, muscle weakness and irregular heartbeat.

15) Is it safe to give Dexona 0.5 MG Tablet to children?

Ans: It is available in 0.5, 0.75, 2, 4 and 6mg strengths. The initial dosage of the medicine varies from 0.75 to 9mg in a day depending on the medical condition. Babies born to women who have been on medication during their pregnancy should observe the signs of hypoadrenalism.  Due to the risk of adverse reactions in newborns, the use of the medicine in pediatric patients should be done with consulting the doctor.

16)  Is Dexona tablet used for bodybuilding?

Ans: No, the medicine is not used for bodybuilding. Although, the dexona tablet is a steroidal medicine and is used of arthritis, bowel disorders, allergic reactions, etc.

17) Is Dexona a steroid?

Ans: Yes, the medicine belongs to the category of steroids and prevents the release of a substance that causes inflammations. Hence, it is used of allergic disorders, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis and lupus.

18) Is Dexona available as an injection?

Ans: Yes, Dexona is available in the form of injection and is used to treat of skin disorders, intestinal infections and certain cancers.

19) What are the uses of Dexona?

Ans: Dexona is a steroid and is used in the treatment and prevention of the following conditions:

  • Inflammation
  • Cancers
  • Cerebral edema
  • Bacterial Meningitis
  • Joint inflammation
  • Chemotherapy induces vomiting or nausea
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Immunosuppression
  • Shock
  • Ear or eye inflammation

20) Is Dexona safe for consumption in diabetes?

Ans: No, use of Dexona should not be advised in diabetes; as it raises the sugar level in blood. It is advised to consult a medical practitioner before using Dexona.

21) Should Dexona be taken before or after the food?

Ans: Dexona can be taken with meals or after meals.

22) Is Dexona safe to be administered to a child?

Ans: A pediatrician should be consulted before providing Dexona to the child as it poses a risk of growth abnormalities, developmental issues and brittle bones.

Contraindications:

Threadworm infection: It is advised to use the medicine with extreme caution by people suffering from an infection caused by threadworm, also referred to as Strongyloides.

Use of medicine should be avoided in following medical conditions:

  • Pregnant women: The medicine should not be consumed by pregnant women as it may pose risk to both mother and fetus.
  • Breastfeeding mother: The medicine should not be consumed by breastfeeding mother, unless absolutely necessary. It is advised to consult a doctor before using it. Risks and benefits should be calculated in advance.
  • Myocardial infarction: Extreme caution should be practiced while using medicine by people who are still recovering or recovered from a heart attack.
  • Ocular herpes infection: Use of Dexona should be avoided by people who are suffering from eye infection caused by herpes simplex virus.
  • Scleroderma: It is advised to practice extreme caution by people who are suffering from Scleroderma (skin and connective tissues beneath the skin becomes stiff).

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Last updated on : 26-09-2019

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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