Dr. Lal PathLabs was started in 1949, by the late Dr. S. K. Lal. The first laboratory was set up by Dr. S.K Lal in Delhi, India. Dr. Lal was a Junior Doctor in the British Indian Army and studied pathology from the Armed Forces Medical College in Pune, with additional training in pathology at Cook County Hospital in Chicago. The main operation of Dr. Lal Path Labs deals with the performing of diagnosis and testing, including routine tests (including blood tests), specialized tests (e.g., viral and bacterial infection tests) and preventive screenings.
In 2013, Dr. Lal PathLabs was awarded Best Diagnostic Service Company by VCCircle. VCCircle stated: "Dr Lal Path Labs has been able to create a brand with scale in a fragmented market. Dr Lal Path Labs is present in 800 cities with 2,000 collections centres, and caters to around 10 million patients a year.
In 2014, Dr. Lal PathLabs acquired the APL Clinical Institute of Clinical Laboratory & Research Private Limited.