Eye Twitching: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments

In some situations, you would have noticed the twitching of eyelids that is often involuntary in nature. This can also lead to spasm of the muscles in this region. Most people experience eyelid twitching on the upper eyelids even though it can be triggered in the lower eyelids. It usually lasts for a few minutes and it starts twitching every few seconds for many individuals. There is no need to worry in most cases as it resolves on its own within few days. It can be due to the side effect of some medication or nutritional issues in the body. You may also face this problem due to stress or sleep problems. However, it is a common symptom of many other disorders of the brain and you need to take it seriously when it becomes chronic and lasts for many weeks. In this situation, you need to visit your doctor for a thorough diagnosis and get the suitable treatment. In the initial stages, you may be prescribed some medication and suggested to use home remedies to rectify the problem. When all these things are not giving good results, using Botox injections and surgery may be the last options to find the proper solution to this problem.

Symptoms of Eye Twitching:

  • The most common symptoms of this condition is the twitching of the eyes and it can happen with one or both the eyes. In most cases, you will notice that this happens with one of the eyes and the symptoms of twitching can also extend to the other muscles.
  • The upper eyelid is the most affected with this condition and the twitching of the lower eyelids is not very common.
  • It can last for a couple of seconds every time it triggers and the overall symptoms can be noticed for few minutes or hours depending on various factors.
  • In most cases, the twitching does not cause any harm and it will go away within couple of days. When it persists for a long duration, you need medical help at this stage.
  • In extreme cases, this can lead to spasms of the eye muscles and you will have difficulty in opening the eyelids after the twitching gets triggered in this region.

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Causes of Eye Twitching:

  • Excessive intake of alcohol can easily trigger eyelid twitching in many cases and you will also face similar problems with excessive intake of caffeine products.
  • All these conditions can cause fatigue and you will not be able to do physically demanding tasks. It will also affect the overall functioning of the body.
  • In most cases, smoking and stress can lead to this condition as it affects the nervous system in the body. Your brain will react to this stress in different ways and eyelid twitching becomes one of the symptoms of other underlying conditions.
  • You will be surprised to know that even exposure to wind can cause this condition in many people. In this situation, you can get some protection by using eyewear.
  • In many cases, when your eyes are exposed to bright light, it can have problems due to sensitivity of nerves in the region and develop eyelid twitching. This can last for a long time even after your eyes are not exposed to such lights.
  • Some kind of irritation to the inner eyelid region or other parts of the eyes can also cause this condition in many people.
  • Having other medical conditions related to the eyes or brain can also lead to this condition in many cases. You will often notice that eyelid inflammation can cause such symptoms in many patients.
  • Similarly, when the eyes are not able to produce enough tears in a proper manner, it results in eyelid twitching symptoms.
  • It can also be the result of some optic nerve damage like glaucoma and this needs proper medical treatment on an urgent basis.
  • When the middle layer of the eye is having inflammation, it can cause symptoms of eyelid twitching.
  • Many varieties of brain disorders can also cause such symptoms and you need to be watchful about such conditions. It is often noticed that Bell’s palsy and multiple sclerosis can lead to eyelid twitching along with other symptoms.
  • Certain medication used to treat epilepsy and other brain related disorders can also cause eyelid twitching. You should consider this issue along with other symptoms and go for a thorough diagnosis to identify the root cause of this problem.
  • In normal circumstances, it is seen that lack of sleep for many days can also cause such symptoms and they become more when it is accompanied by stress. This is common among people who work extra hours under stressful situation.

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Diagnosis of Eye Twitching:

When you visit the doctor for diagnosis of this problem, you will be asked about the frequency of this occurrence and this will help the doctors to get some insights into the problem. You will also be diagnosed for nutritional deficiencies and other lifestyle issues as they can easily trigger this problem in most cases. When all these things are not giving satisfactory results and when the eye twitching is chronic in nature, you may be advised to go for imaging tests that will determine disorders of the brain. This will give complete insight into the cause of these symptoms and treatment can be started based on the outcome of these tests.

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Prevention Eye Twitching:

  • There are many ways in which you can prevent eye twitching by taking precautionary measures. To begin with, you need to understand that this symptom is the result of strain and you should reduce your exposure to computers and other monitors. If you have to work in such conditions for long duration, make it a point to take frequent breaks to reduce eyestrain.
  • Even general stress and lack of sleep can lead to this condition and you should always give proper attention to such factors in your everyday life. When you sleep regularly for a minimum of six hours, your body will get to reduce stress naturally and this will prevent such problems in future.
  • Yet another thing you should be careful is about consuming alcohol and caffeine products as this can cause eyelid twitching in many individuals. When you have to take them, try to limit the consumption and this will help you to avoid such problems.
  • Eyelid twitching can also be due to dryness of the eyes and when you are suffering from this condition, you can use some medicated eye drops that will keep your eyes moist for a long time.
  • You should also understand that lack of proper nutrition can also cause such weakness in the body and lead to eyelid twitching. If this is the case, you can easily resolve the problem by consuming a healthy diet and taking nutritional supplements as per the suggestion of your doctor.

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Eye Twitching Treatment:

  • In most cases, eyelid twitching does not cause too much problems and it will go away on its own within couple of days. However, when you continue to have symptoms for more than a week, you should seek an appointment with a doctor to determine the cause of this problem.
  • You can also try some natural remedies meanwhile to get some relief from symptoms. Using warm compress around the eyes is a good idea to relax the nerves in that area and you can easily get relief in most cases.
  • In the same manner, certain relaxation exercises like yoga can give relief from symptoms as it reduces the stress levels in the body and improves the quality of sleep. You should also pay attention to nutritional deficiencies and treat them properly to resolve the problem.
  • You can also cut down on alcohol and caffeine usage as this is known to trigger such symptoms in many individuals. You will be able to get quick relief in most cases when you try these natural methods.
  • When the problem is persistent, you need to visit your doctor who can provide some medication to reduce the symptoms. Using Botox injections is a good method that can give relief to the muscles of the affected area. This will relax the nerves of the eyes and the twitching will gradually reduce.
  • Your doctor may even prescribe certain eye drops to keep your eyes moist as dryness of this region can also lead to twitching in many individuals.
  • In extreme cases, surgical methods are used to remove certain problem causing nerves in the eyes. However, this procedure is used very rarely and you need not worry about such complicated methods in most cases.

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Complications of Eye Twitching:

  • While eyelid twitching does not create any complications, it can be the symptom of other health conditions that need serious medical care. In this situation, you should not take it lightly and go for a thorough diagnosis to identify the cause of this problem.
  • In rare cases, the symptoms of eye twitching can be related to facial palsy during which the face droops downwards on one side and this can be very difficult to treat as it is due to nerve damage in the brain region.
  • It can also be the symptom of dystonia that causes muscles to spasm and twist on one side without your control.
  • In other cases of cervical dystonia, the neck can get into spasms on a regular basis and even the head will get twisted leading to an uncomfortable pain in that area.
  • Sometimes, the regular twitching of the eyelids can also be an indication of problems with central nervous system that affects the cognitive abilities of the brain. It can also cause fatigue and cause problems with movement due to damage to the nervous system.
  • Even Parkinson’s disease also has similar symptoms in which the eyelids twitch without any control and lead to spasms. The other accompanying symptoms include trembling of muscles and limbs and stiffness in the body. It can also lead to problems with balance and other complications.
  • In this manner, you should never ignore eyelid twitching as it can be an indication of some serious health condition related to nerve damage. You should always go for an eye checkup at regular intervals and stay safe from these problems.

Myths related to Eye Twitching:

Myth #1: Eye twitching is a serious disorder :

This is completely false and eye twitching is a mere symptom of some other condition. In most cases, it can be due to common issues of stress and lack of sleep or nutritional deficiencies in the body. Only in rare cases, it is due to some nerve damage in the brain or the eye region.

Myth #2: Botox injections give permanent relief :

Many doctors suggest using Botox injections to get relief from eye twitching. However, you should note that this can only give temporary relief for a couple of months from chronic eye twitching and you need to think about other options when you want to get long term relief from this problem.

Myth #3: Surgery is not needed to treat twitching :

In extreme cases of eye twitching, it can lead to spasms of the eyelids and you may not be able to open them easily after it starts twitching. Even though this is a temporary problem, it can affect the eyes in the long run and lead to various complications. In this situation, surgery to remove the affecting nerves or muscles is done and this will give permanent relief from such problems.


You need not worry too much about such symptoms in most cases when they only affect you once in a while. In most cases, eyelid twitching is due to some nutritional problems combined with stress and lack of sleep. When these conditions resolve, you will notice that the symptoms will go away on their own without any hassles. Only when it lasts for many weeks, you should seek professional help and this will help you to understand the cause of this problem. When this is due to some underlying medical condition related to the brain, you need to go for suitable treatment on an emergency basis as it can lead to serious complications. On the other hand, most cases of eye twitching will be resolved with home remedies and you can go for surgery when it is chronic in nature. This can give you relief in the long run and you will be able to lead a comfortable life without such issues.

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Last updated on : 24-12-2018

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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