Frequent Urination

Urination is a normal process by which our body excretes out the waste liquids. This liquid may contain urea, uric acid, water, other toxins of the body, and wastes filtered by the kidneys. The urine is collected in the urinary bladder of the body. Over the time when the urinary bladder gets full, our body generates an urge to urinate. We then go to the toilet and urinate.

Normally, a healthy person may urinate six to eight times in a day when drinking two to two and a half litres of fluid (including water) in a day. This count may vary a little bit from person to person depending on the lifestyle and other conditions like the amount of water intake. For a healthy person, 16 ounces of urine can be kept by the bladder for two to five hours of time. Children tend to urinate more, as they have a smaller urinary bladder. Frequent urination is a condition with which an individual tends to pass urine more frequently than usual.

It is not a favourable condition, which could impact the normal routine and sleep cycle. This condition may become a problem when it starts affecting the normal life of the affected individual. If not taken care on time, frequent urination may cause multiple other problems to its patients. Note that frequent urination is different from urinary incontinence, in which the patient has no or least control on urine and may leak it in the clothes before reaching the loo.

Many of the individuals may not understand for a few months if it is a medical problem. Frequent urination could be of two types. In that of the first type, the patient would pass a small quantity of urine with every frequency. This type of frequent urination could happen because of various diseases like diabetes. The second type is known as polyuria, in which the patient may urinate more than three litres of urine in a day. This condition may dehydrate the body of the patient.

At the initial stage, frequent urination may be improved just with the help of some basic exercises. However, if the conditions are severe, you may need to have some medication for getting it treated. Frequent urination is usually a treatable condition, but you will have to take care of it well in time. If not treated for a long time, the condition may worsen.

Symptoms of Frequent Urination

As already discussed and as the name suggests, the primary symptom of frequent urination is frequent urge to urinate. Although, many patients may observe multiple other symptoms along with it depending on the condition and reasons. For instance, some patients may urge to urinate more at night during their sleep cycle.

Whereas, some may urge to urinate more during the time they are out for work. There may also be other supporting symptoms that many of the patients may face in the cases when frequent urination may be impacting the functionality of other organs of the body.

Those may occur due to the probable kidney or blood infection caused by frequent urination. If not treated on time, the kidneys may get damaged because of it. Multiple other symptoms associated with frequent urination may include:

- Pain during urination

- A feel of discomfort during urination

- Traces of blood, cloud, or unusual colour of the urine

- Mild to severe loss of control on the bladder

- Intolerance of urination along with high frequency

- Difficulty in passing urine despite the urge of urination

- Discharge from the urinary organ of the body

- Enhanced thirst or even the appetite

- Fever and shivering

- Nausea

- Vomiting

- Pain in the lower back or sides

Causes of Frequent Urination

There are multiple organs or systems of our body, which are involved in urination. This way, multiple changes may impact the urinary system and the frequency of urination. The various causes of frequent urination are mentioned below:

- Drinking lots of fluids, especially those containing alcohol or caffeine

- Developing a self-habit of going for urination on a frequent basis

- Infection in kidneys or ureter

- Infection in the urinary bladder

- Undergoing miscellaneous medical conditions like diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, disorders or infections in the prostate gland

- Anxiety or work pressure

- Medications for other illnesses or diseases, like the diuretics pills used in various conditions, may cause frequent urination till the time those are consumed

- Stroke

- Constipation, which may produce pressure in the urinary bladder and/or urethra

- Problems related to the nervous system

- Problems related to the brain

- Urinary tract infection (UTI)

- A tumour in the pelvic region

- Interstitial cystitis, which is the inflammation state of the bladder wall

- Over Active Bladder (OAB), due to which some bladder contractions are triggered and an urge to urinate is developed

- Bladder cancer

- Stones or sludge in the kidney or bladder

- Urinary intolerance

- Urethral Stricture

- Pregnancy

- Aged people are more prone to get the problems of frequent urination since their urinary bladder becomes weak

- Side effects of radiation in the pelvic region caused due to the treatment of cancer

- Colon diverticulitis, in which tiny sacs are developed in the large intestine’s wall

- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) like chlamydia

Prevention of Frequent Urination

You may take care of various pointers for the prevention of frequent urination. Some of those are mentioned below:

- Eat a balanced and healthy diet, avoid junk and only food

- Maintain an active and healthy lifestyle

- Limit the consumption of alcohol

- Minimize caffeine intake

- Cut down on the food items impacting the urinary bladder, like spicy foods, chocolate, and artificial sweetener

- Meditate to avoid stress

- Eat food items rich in fibre, which may avoid constipation and improve the flow of urine in the urethra

- Ensure to get a balanced sleep

- Exercise every day

- Take care of your immune system and adopt the habits that would keep it strong

How is it diagnosed?

Once you would observe one or more of the symptoms mentioned above, it will be good to visit a physician or urologist. This doctor will examine your medical history and symptoms of the problem, and may enquire some of the following questions:

What is the pattern of the frequent urination? Like:

- When does it start every day?

- How many days back it got started?

- What has been the trend of gradual increase of the urination frequency?

- In which time slot during the day, the frequency is observed the most?

- What medicines are you consuming currently?

- How much water and other fluid do you consume in a day?

- Do you observe some different colour or smell of the urine?

- How much coffee or tea you drink every day?

- How often you drink alcohol?

Based on the analysis of the collected data, the doctor may prescribe one of the following tests:

- Urine test for the identification of some abnormality

- Ultrasound of the kidneys or whole abdomen

- Digital X-ray of the abdomen

- CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen

- Some neurological analysis for the identification of some nervous disorder

- Tests for the detection of any probable sexually transmitted infection

- If treated by a physician, the patient may be referred to a gynaecologist (if female) or urologist (either male or female)

Treatment of Frequent Urination

Once the frequent urination is confirmed by the urologist or physician from the investigation reports, the patient might be treated based on the symptoms, their severity, and the cause. For example:

- A course of antibiotics would be recommended for the patient in case the frequent urination is because of some urinary tract infection.

- If the symptoms of frequent urination are due to diabetes mellitus, the treatment is aimed at keeping the sugar level in the blood within the prescribed limits.

- In case the patient is suffering from kidney infection caused by bacteria, the treatment will be based on painkillers and antibiotics.

- If the bladder of the patient is overactive, the anticholinergic treatment is provided to reduce the irregular detrusor contractions at the bladder wall.

- The specific medication for minimising the symptoms would also be recommended.

- If the frequent urination has been due to poor behavioural issues, the patient may be educated to improve on those.

Other than the medication, the patients may be taught to follow various types of exercises, practices, and routines for strengthening the urinary bladder and minimizing the symptoms of frequent urination. This minimizes your dependency on the medicines, which in turn prevents you from their probable side effects. Those exercises and practices are discussed below:

- It has been noticed that working out in the gym, or even the mild stretching exercises at home on the daily basis tend to reduce the problems related to frequent urination. Especially during the pregnancy, specific exercises under the supervision of a professional may strengthen the pelvic and urethral muscles and supports the bladder. This, in turn, improves the frequency of urination. Kegel exercises are considered as best in these kinds of disorders. You may do around 10 to 20 repetitions of it at least three times every day for 4 to 8 weeks to improve on the symptoms. Note that the individuals suffering from frequent urination due to some kind of infection must not do an intense workout in the gym, as it may cause weakness in their body.

- Other than working out the gym or practising Kegel exercises, the patient is educated on the functioning of various body organs involved in urination. Post then, the patient is taught to follow various types of tactics to improve the control over the pelvic and urethral muscles.

- The patient may also be taught to practice on holding the urine for a longer time. With the training and practice for two to three months, the patient would be able to see gradual improvement in controlling the urination to a significant level.

- It is also observed that the cause of frequent urination in many patients is an intake of excessive (more than that required by our body) water or other fluids. If the doctor identifies it as a reason, the patient may be asked to reduce the water intake to an optimal level for avoiding frequent urination.

Complications of Frequent Urination

Since frequent urination may be caused due to multiple reasons, its ignorance may cause you to face complications at a late stage. The level of complication, however, may depend on the underlying cause of the symptoms. For instance, the frequent urination caused by a urinary tract infection may result in severe infections, in case it is left unattended.

This may further cause severe damage to the kidneys and urethra. In the case of females, in particular, such infections may further cause other infections in their reproductive system. Such infections at times may be proven to be fatal, if not taken care on time.

When the problem of frequent urination arises in old age, such individuals may face an injury while frequently walking to the loo with a severe urge to urinate. Other than that, if you are urinating much than expected due to any probable reason, your body is more prone to be dehydrated.

Myths

Myth #1: Frequent urination is a gynaecology problem and may occur only in females

Frequent urination is a common disorder, which may occur in individuals of any gender.

Myth #2: Frequent urination in infants need treatment

Frequent urination in the infants is not a disease or problem. They have a smaller urinary bladder, which fills frequently with every feed since they consume mostly the liquids. Additionally, they have no understanding of controlling urination. Hence, they urinate very often.

Myth #3: Frequent urination is associated with diabetes only

Diabetes is one of the reasons that cause frequent urination. There are multiple other reasons that may cause this disease like urinary tract infection, kidney infection, and more.

Myth #4: Frequent urination is healed by its own over the time and does not need any treatment

Frequent urination caused by infections may end up with multiple complications, if not treated on time.

Myth #5: Only elderly individuals may suffer frequent urination

It is true that the elderly people are more prone to suffer from frequent urination. However, individuals of any age group may suffer from frequent urination.

Myth #6: Frequent urination and urine intolerance are the same disorders

Both the frequent urination and urine intolerance are different ailments and may need different treatment.

Myth #7: Frequent urination during the winters does not need a medication or treatment

You must visit a medical consultant in case the symptoms of frequent urination persist for several days to weeks.

Myth #8: Drinking lots of water for some days may heal frequent urination

You should always drink the normal quantity of water required by your body, which is two to three litres a day.

Last updated on : 14-09-2018

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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