FSH or follicle stimulating hormone is secreted by a pituitary gland in the body. It plays a significant role in the sexual development of an individual. In females, this hormone controls the menstrual cycle and production of the eggs. In men, it controls the production of sperms. Thus, the follicle stimulating hormone is a contributing factor to the fertility of a person. An FSH test measures the level of the follicle stimulating hormone in the blood. Abnormal levels of FSH have been generally associated with issues of infertility in both men and women.
The test measures the levels of follicle stimulating hormone in order to detect and diagnose conditions such as -
Early or delayed puberty
Low sperm count
Abnormal vaginal/menstrual bleeding
Infertility (in both men and women)
Men with underdeveloped testicles, or no testicles
Ovarian cysts/Polycystic ovary syndrome
Pituitary or hypothalamus disorders
Why get tested?
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that plays an important role in the sexual development of human. This screening helps in measuring the levels of follicle stimulating hormone in the blood of both women and men to ensure a healthy reproductive system.
This test includes
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
No special preparation is required for this test. However, it is advised that the patient must wear half sleeved T-shirt so that the blood can be drawn easily.
It is advisable that the patient must share his/ her medical history with the doctor before the test in order to avoid misdiagnosis due to the existence of any medical condition that may hamper the results of the test.
If the patient is taking any medicine he/she must discuss it with the doctor in order to avoid any lab contraindications.
Frequently asked questions
Q.What can one expect during an FSH test?
-During the FSH test, the lab technician may tie a tight band (tourniquet) above the forearm.
-An antiseptic will then be used to clean and sterilize the area to avoid the occurrence of an infection at the site of drawing blood.
-A needle will be inserted directly into the vein to draw the blood into a clean and dry vial.
-The lab technician will then carry out multiple tests on the sample to publish the results of the test.
Q.What do the results of a follicle stimulating hormone test denote?
The test results of an FSH test denote the level of FSH hormone that is being secreted in the blood by the pituitary gland. This test helps in ascertaining the functionality of the pituitary gland present in the brain. Fluctuation of the level of FSH hormone in the body may be a direct determinant of conditions such as infertility, low sperm count, delayed conception, inability to conceive, irregular menstrual cycle, early onset of puberty in both boys and girls, excessive vaginal bleeding among many others.