The heart is a very important part of the human body that pumps blood. Well, it may face several difficulties too and the improper functioning of one more of the four valves due to valvular heart disease (often referred to as heart valve disease) is one of them.
These valves include the tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, aortic valve, and mitral valve. The tricuspid and mitral valves consist of flaps known as leaflets while the pulmonary and pulmonary have cusps. However, these flaps close and open once with each heartbeat, if they do not do the same then, it disrupts the flow of the blood via the heart to other parts of the body.
The process to treat, replace or repair the damaged valve is called heart valve surgery. The surgeon performing heart valve surgery replaces or repairs the destroyed diseased heart valves. Several heart surgery procedures, for instance, minimally invasive or open-heart may be used to replace or repair the heart valves.
The treatment of the patient suffering from this disease depends on numerous factors, including the health, age, and the affected heart’s condition as well as the severity of the condition.