Formulated and sold by Piramal Healthcare, I-pill is an emergency contraceptive pill. It works as an oral contraceptive and was launched in 2007 to prevent women against unplanned pregnancy after unprotected intercourse.
|Composition||Levonorgestrel (synthetic progesterone)|
|Uses||Prevents unwanted pregnancy|
|Side-effects||allergies, irregular menstrual cycle, unexpected vaginal bleeding, skin rashes|
|Precautions||porphyria, arterial disease, breast cancer, liver problem|
Remember, this birth control control pill is not effective against sexually transmitted diseases (STD) including syphilis and HIV/AIDS .
Long-term use of this tablet is definitely not allowed as it can cause ovarian damage.
The recommended dosage is 1 tablet of I-Pill within 72 hours of unprotected sex.
It is not recommended for women below 25 years of age or above the age of 45. This medicine will not be effective in case of teenagers. Teenagers must and should use other contraceptive methods.
I-pill is a contraceptive remedy with Levonorgestrel as its active ingredient. This birth control pill is consumed orally and is intended to be used only in an emergency. This emergency contraception pill stops the process of ovulation by tricking the body to think that the egg has discharged.
However, a person must know that medicine is not an abortion procedure and will not work once a female is pregnant and may cause severe complications if consumed. It is recommended to be consumed within 72 hours of engaging in unprotected sex.
This emergency contraceptive pill is recommended only for women between the ages of 25 to 45 and is not recommended to be administered by teenagers.
There are a number of precautions that people should take into account when it comes to using the I-Pill:
Other emergency contraceptives that are available in the market are:
I-Pill may interact with a long list of herbal supplements or other drugs. Before consuming this emergency contraception pill, consult and inform your doctor about the medicines already being consumed. If you frequently drink herbal teas or Ayurvedic supplements, check the ingredients to ensure that there are no elements that can cause interactions with this tablet.
This emergency contraception pill may interact with the following medicines –
Warfarin - It is an anticoagulant i.e. it prevents the formation of blood clots. When this medicine is consumed along with I-pill containing levonorgestrel its efficacy to prevent blood clots is reduced.
Abatacept - If a patient has been consuming Abatacept and takes i-pill, this emergency contraception pill may not be able to function properly and get metabolized at a faster rate.
Abciximab - It is an anticoagulant i.e. it prevents the formation of blood clots. When this medicine is consumed along with I-pill containing levonorgestrel its efficacy to prevent blood clots is reduced.
Aldosterone - The level of aldosterone may increase in the blood with consumption of levonorgestrel.
Bexarotene - Levonorgestrel may decrease the anticoagulant activity of Betrixaban.
Chlorphenamine - The rate at which Chlorphenamine is metabolized by the body may decrease when the medicine is consumed along with Levonorgestrel.
Other medicines with which I-pill may interact -
Following are the variants of this medicine –
|1 tablet||Piramal Healthcare Limited||INR 110|
Levonorgestrel is a synthetic form of the naturally occurring female sex hormone called progesterone. In a normal menstrual period, the matured egg is released from the ovaries; this process is termed as ovulation. The ovaries then produce progesterone to prevent the release of further eggs and prepare the womb for a possible pregnancy.
If fertilization occurs, the levels of progesterone in the body remain high and maintain the lining of the womb. If pregnancy does not occur, the levels of progesterone in the body fall resulting in menstrual periods. However, after consuming I-pill the body is tricked into thinking that the egg has been released preventing the release of the egg and thus preventing fertilization.
I-Pill has to be consumed orally within 72 hours of engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse.
Consumption of the following medicines must be avoided with I-pill -
This tablet must be stored at room temperature, away from direct heat and sunlight. I-Pill should be kept away from the reach of children and pets.
Ans: Lactating and breastfeeding mothers can safely use I-Pill as the breast milk is unlikely to be affected.
Ans: It is not advisable to use I-Pill frequently, but it is possible to take it more than once in a month if required. For regular use barrier methods are indicated as the safest bet.
Ans: As this is a hormonal intervention, most women face at least some side-effects but are rarely very serious.
Ans: The effectiveness of I-Pill is between 80 to 90% if taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. There is always a chance of failure and if your periods are more than a week late then a pregnancy test will let you know whether you are pregnant or not.
Ans: I-Pill should be taken orally with water. If a person vomits after consumption of the pill, the tablet must be taken again after 30 minutes.
Ans: A single dose of I-pill (emergency contraceptive pill) is enough to protect you against two episodes of unprotected sex if the time interval between them is not more than 12 hours. Beyond that, the pill does not provide protection against unprotected sex in the same cycle. Therefore, the dose must be repeated.
Ans: Emergency contraception refers to medicines that are used to prevent unwanted pregnancy due to unprotected sex. However, it should be remembered that emergency contraceptive pills are to be consumed only if there is an emergency such as rupture of the condom, missed birth control pill, unplanned unprotected sex etc. The pill must not be consumed regularly to avoid pregnancy.
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