Shakespeare had penned classics, and still a celebrated author because he portrayed the human minds. Greed, anger and what not? All emotions are seen with the complications. One perfect example is the play Macbeth, where Lady Macbeth suffers from insomnia, due to her greedy actions. The mind is the master of all activities. The human mind needs some relaxation, and this is not going to happen only with hobbies or activities of interest. Sleep is the only way to ensure the body and mind both are rejuvenated. Lots of people claim that they do not get enough sleep, or they suffer from sleep disorders. While most of the time, it can be corrected with a few lifestyle modifications, insomnia does not fit into this category.
This is a condition, where one feels it is very difficult to fall asleep. Even after sleeping for a few hours, when they wake up they do not feel fresh or revitalized. While it can simply be thought of as a problem with sleep, a lot of complications might arise in the future. Insomnia can be categorized into acute, short-term and chronic insomnia.
Transit insomnia is where the condition of sleep deprivation can last up to 3 nights. When the symptoms persist for several weeks, this condition is called acute insomnia. When the same condition tends to last for months or years, then it is called chronic insomnia. The primary problem has to be treated to ensure that one can find solace from this condition.
Various causes are responsible for insomnia. It is also essential to know about these risk factors. It is seen that insomnia can affect women more than men. Again, hope that this is why Lady Macbeth became insomniac rather than Macbeth. Here are the other risk factors apart from the gender.
The causes of insomnia are multiple. The causes can be different or intense for chronic insomnia compared with acute insomnia. The causes of acute insomnia include stress and any emotional upheaval. This can last for weeks. Various causes can be associated with insomnia. They can be physiological and psychological. Transit insomnia is caused by recent events or occurrence.
Insomnia in the majority of the cases is not a disease by itself. It can be caused by an underlying medical condition and hence can be called a symptom. However, there are several symptoms this condition causes.
A specialist will ask about the sleep patterns and get to know about what are the difficulties faced. The doctor also would be inquiring to know all about the symptoms. The doctor then would ask to go for a urine culture test and a blood test. This is because most of the times, medical conditions that are underlying are causes of insomnia. Getting to know them is the key to treat this condition. Psychiatric disorders too are looked for. But, this cannot be done with tests in the laboratory. The doctor would speak and analyze the conditions and throw various conditions to find about them. This is done with high intensity if the problem is seen persisting for more than several months. In such a stage, the condition can be causing lots of disturbance and distress.
The doctor also asks to maintain a diary about the sleep patterns. This would help the doctor to know about the condition’s intensity. There are lots of devices that help in recording the sleep patterns. They can be used. A polysomnography test is one that records the sleeping pattern and is often used in chronic insomnia. Also, an actigraphy is conducted. This is a device that can be worn in the wrist, similar to a watch, and this records the sleep-wake patterns.
If there is the usage of drugs or alcohol is involved, rehab treatment is suggested by the doctors. Even smoking can lead to lack of sleep. In such cases, it is the willpower of the individual that is needed to quit the habits.
Treatments for insomnia can be divided into pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical treatments. The key is to try a cluster of them. This is because medications play only a small role in treating insomnia. Changes in lifestyle to play a huge role.
Doctors recommend sleep hygiene to deal with this condition. Insomnia can lead to disruptive behaviours, and there are a few things that are advised to stay off from disturbed sleep.
To treat insomnia, medications that are available over the counter are used. Drugs, medicines and supplements to are used. But one should rely on the sleep aid drugs available, as not every pill will work for everyone. Behavioural treatments are also prescribed. There are multiple therapies that can help in treating the condition efficiently along with the medications. The medicines used can be:
A few things should be tried at home if one has to come out of this condition.
Concentrating on improving the sleep hygiene is essential. One should not force sleep for this. Stopping vigorous exercising, and limiting to moderate everyday exercises is a good habit to come out this condition. Eating at the right time every day, and finishing off dinner 2 hours before bed is also mandatory. But one should never go to bed with an empty stomach. Hunger can trigger waking up. Smoking and taking tea and coffee 3 hours before bed is recommended. Alcohol and smoking should be avoided if possible. Also, ensuring that the sleeping environment is comfortable can help in undisturbed sleep. Too soft or too hard beds should not be the choice. Avoid bright lights in the bedroom.
Meditation and muscle relaxation techniques should be tried. Try avoiding watching TV before going to bed. Reading, eating, and worrying about the bed too should be avoided. Wake up and sleep at the same time every day. Do not deprive the body of sleep. These steps when followed meticulously can help in coming out of insomnia faster.
It is essential to track the sleeping pattern, even when the sleep is disturbed for a few days. One has to think about maintaining sleep hygiene. Eat and sleep at the same hour daily. Restrict intake of high-calorie foods or caffeine during dinner hours. When depressed find a solution immediately. Engage in new hobbies when suffering from intense stress. Be part of an engaging group, and try to understand losses are parts and participle of life. Take things easy, and cope with them. Do not associate with negative people or emotions.
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