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Kidney Transplant Cost in India

Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in the human body. Their main function is to filter the blood before it is sent back to the heart. The kidneys perform several other important functions such as, maintaining the overall fluid balance of the body, filtering waste materials from food, toxic substances, creating hormones that help in the production of red blood cells, regulate blood pressure and promote bone health.


Kidney disease refers to a condition in which kidneys do not function properly and are unable to filter the blood in the way they should. A person is at a greater risk of developing the disease if s/he is suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure.

Kidney Transplant Cost in India


In India, around 2 lakh patients wait for an organ donor and the number of transplants conducted in a year is just around 6000. It is, therefore, that the government encourages organ donation of the deceased. As of now, the cost of kidney transplant in India is around INR 5 to 6 lakhs in private hospitals. After the treatment a patient may have to spend a lump sum amount of 10,000 every month on the medication.

Cost component of Kidney transplant in India


The following table shows the cost component required during a kidney transplant in India:

Sr. No.

Component

Charges

1

Hemodialysis (3/wk) and Medicines (in AIIMS)

INR 20,000/- per month

2

Induction therapy (if needed)

INR 1,50,000/-

3

Expenditure at the time of transplantation for surgical disposable items

INR 45,000/-

4

Donor work-up

INR 20,000/-

5

Recipient work-up ((Non-sensitized)

INR 35,000/-

6

Recipient work-up ((Sensitised)

INR 50,000/-

7

CMV Prophylaxis (for a time period of 6 months)

INR 64,000/-

8

Post Kidney transplantation medicines approx. Rs.20,000/-per month for the first year

INR 2,40,000/-
(for the first year)

What are the different types of Kidneys Diseases?


Kidney diseases can be broadly classified into two types:-

  • Acute Kidney Injury - Acute injury to the kidneys occurs only for a short duration. The main reason for acute injuries is damage to the kidney tissues caused by a severe infection, drug or a dye radioactive in nature. People already suffering from kidney-related ailments are at a greater risk of developing this type of injury.

  • Chronic Kidney Disease - Chronic kidney disease is a condition that takes a very long period to develop but may be completely irreversible. Chronic diseases may lead to complete kidney failure. Some of the causes of kidney failure may include blood vessels that are damaged, growth of cysts on the kidneys, reflux nephropathy, congenital abnormalities, etc.

Why do Kidneys fail or cease to Function?


Kidneys may become damaged from physical injury or diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes. However, kidneys do not fail overnight and kidney failure is the end result of a gradual loss of kidney functioning.

What happens when kidneys cease to function?


When Kidneys are working efficiently, they remove waste and extra fluid from the blood. But, when their functioning is impaired they no longer remove the waste, which in turn accumulates in the blood and leads to severe problems. When kidneys cease to function, following symptoms may appear:-

  • Tiredness
  • Weight Loss
  • Anemia
  • Trouble In Sleeping
  • Itching
  • Poor Appetite
  • Nausea, Etc.

How can Kidney failure be Treated?


Two types of treatment are available for the treatment of kidney failure, they are:-

Dialysis


Dialysis is a process that is done in order to remove excess water, toxins, and solutes from the blood. This is done in people whose kidneys are no longer functioning efficiently and naturally.


Dialysis can be of two types:

  • Haemodialysis - During the process, the blood from the body is removed and filtered via a manmade membrane known as dialyzer or artificial kidney. This filtered blood is then returned to the body.
  • Peritoneal Dialysis - During this procedure, a catheter (plastic tube) is placed in the belly of the patient by surgery. A sterile cleansing fluid is then put in the body through the catheter. When the filtering process is completed, the fluid along with the waste leaves the body through the catheter.

Peritoneal dialysis is further of two types:

  • Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
  • Automated Peritoneal Dialysis (APD)

It is a surgical procedure in which the damaged organ is replaced by a new and fully functional organ.

Preparing for the Kidney Transplant Procedure


Prior to the procedure, the patient must prepare him/herself. This includes talking to the doctor and knowing about the surgery procedure, any complications that may arise, recovery time and what all precautions are needed to be taken before undergoing surgery.  A patient who is supposed to undergo a kidney transplant must start taking a good diet so that the body responds well to the treatment and takes less time to recover. In case, the patient is scared or confused s/he must talk to the doctor about it and get all the doubts cleared before the procedure. It is also advisable to make all the necessary arrangements for the time being the patient will not be at home.

From Where does a Kidney for the Transplant come?


Kidney/s for transplant comes from two different sources:-

  • The Living Donor - It is known that a person can live a normal life with one kidney, therefore a person can donate one of the kidneys to save the life of someone whose both the kidneys have critically failed. A person who decides to donate a kidney has to undergo several tests to ensure that the tissues match with that of the patient.
  • The Deceased Donor - A deceased donor kidney comes from a person who has been declared dead. This donation is only done with the consent of the family of the deceased. The organ is stored until a recipient has been selected.

What is the Procedure of a Kidney Transplant?


During the procedure, the patient will be administered anaesthesia and a team of doctors will carefully monitor his/her vitals, such as blood pressure, oxygen level, etc. The surgeon will then begin with making a small incision in the lower abdomen and placing the new kidney in the body. The surgeon will then attach the new kidney to the blood vessels in the lower part of the abdomen. In the last the new kidney's ureter will be connected to the urinary bladder.

What to Expect after the Procedure?


After the transplant, a patient will have to be ready to spend a few days at the hospital. During this time, the doctors will monitor the condition of the patient and ensure if the body is accepting or rejecting the new organ. The patient will also be monitored to see if the kidney is functioning properly or not. Patients will not be allowed to lift heavy objects until the wound has fully healed. This may take 6 weeks or more. The doctor will also advise the patients to take necessary medication for a particular time period or for a lifetime, depending upon his/her condition.

What are some of the Best Kidney Transplant Hospitals in India?


Some of the hospitals that offer economic kidney transplant surgeries in India are:-

  • Safdarjung Hospital, New Hospital - The hospital offers free kidney transplants to poor and needy people. Medicines are also provided free of cost.
    • Hospital Website - www.vmmcsjh.nic.in/Default.aspx
    • Contact Number - 011-26164186 (Nephrology Department)

  • Tamilnad Kidney Research Foundation (TANKER Foundation) – This foundation offers treatment for kidney-related ailments at affordable costs and offers assistance to the needy people.
    • Hospital Website - www.tankerfoundation.org/
    • Contact Number - +91-044-28341635 / +91-044-43090998

  • AIIMS, New Delhi – All India Institute of medical sciences offers kidney transplant surgeries at very economical and affordable costs to the patients. The patients may be treated in no more than INR 65,000.
    • Contact Number - 011-26593292 (Nephrology Department)
    • Website - www.aiims.edu/images/pdf/Departments_Centers/nephrology/Kidney%20Tx%20at%20AIIMS%20Jan%202019.pdf

  • Gujarat Kidney Foundation - The hospital offers kidney transplant in prices less than that of government hospitals. Here, discounts are offered for transplantations and donations to the poor and needy patients.
    • Contact Number - +91 79 2665 2220
    • Website - www.gujaratkidneyfoundation.com//

Who are some of the best Kidney Transplant Specialists in India?


Following are the best kidney transplant specialists in India:-

S.No

Doctor Names

Years of Experience

Current Practice

1

Dr. Sandeep Guleria

35

Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

2

Dr. Rajesh Ahlawat

39

Medanta The Medicity, D elhi NCR

3

Dr. Waheed Zaman

24

Max Super Specialty Hospital

4

Dr.  Anant Kumar

33

Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket

5

Dr. Joseph Thachil

40

Apollo Hospitals, Chennai

6

Dr. B Shiva Shankar

33

Manipal Hospital, Bangalore

7

Dr. Bijoy Abraham

30

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani hospitals and medical research Institute

8

Dr. Sanjay Gogoi

20

Manipal Hospital, Bangalore

9

Dr. S. N Wadhwa

47

Sir Ganga Ram Hospital

10

Dr. Saurabh Pokhriyal

22

Fortis memorial research institute(FMRI), Delhi NCR

How Much time does it take for a Person to Recover after a Kidney Transplant?


A patient may have to rest for approximately 6 weeks at the hospital. After that regular follow-ups may be required to ensure that the kidney is optimally functioning.

Some Other Useful Links:

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Last updated on : 04-12-2019

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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