The surgical procedure of replacing a failed liver with a healthy liver from a deceased or a living donor is known as liver transplant surgery. This surgical process is also known as hepatic transplant. Liver is the largest organ in the human body, and it is located just below the diaphragm. It is known for performing various complex functions in the body. It removes toxins and bacteria from the blood, prevents infection, regulates immune responses, and makes proteins required by the body. Liver also aids in processing medications, nutrients and hormones. Moreover, it also produces bile that aids in absorbing fats, fat-soluble vitamins and cholesterol. This particular surgery is recommended for people suffering from severe complications due to end stage chronic liver disease.
In some rare cases, the previously normal liver may fail suddenly. It is also estimated that the number of people waiting for a liver transplant are more than the available deceased donor livers. Living donor liver transplant is an alternative option for a deceased donor liver transplant, since the human liver returns back to its normal size after removing a part of the organ.