The diseases of the mitral valve are treated through the surgical process of repairing or replacing the mitral valves. The valve located between the left chambers of the heart, i.e. left atrium and left ventricle is known mitral valve. This surgery is recommended for treating a variety of mitral valve diseases. For instance, mitral valve regurgitation causes the backward leakage of blood into the left atrium when the flaps of the mitral valve do not close tightly. This condition is mainly caused due to mitral valve prolapse, i.e. when the valve leaflets bulge backwards.
Furthermore, mitral valve stenosis is a condition in which the leaflets become stiff or thick, and fuse together. This condition leads to narrowing of valve opening, and reduction in the flow of blood through the valve. The treatment option for the mitral valve diseases vary according to the severity of the condition. The surgery to replace or repair the mitral valve can be performed through a minimally invasive approach or an open heart surgery.