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Listed below are the subspecialties of neurology:
This subspecialty of neurology studies the effect of neurological damage and disease upon behavior, cognition, and memory.
It refers to the group of conditions that may lead to a cardiovascular event such as stroke. And this affects the blood vessels and blood supply to the brain. Cerebrovascular disease may develop in certain ways including atherosclerosis and deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
This medical specialty studies the peripheral and central nervous system such as nerve entrapments, neuromuscular disease, epilepsy, and ophthalmic disease.
It is a general term for diminishing mental ability which is severe enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer and memory loss are example of the most common type of dementia.
It is a central nervous system disorder in which the brain works abnormally causing episodes of unusual behavior or seizures, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness.
This branch of neurology is defined by its proficiency in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological conditions that affect older people.
A headache can be a sign of emotional distress or stress. It can also be a result of a medical disorder such as high blood pressure or migraine or anxiety or depression. Headache can be primary or secondary. Primary headache includes migraines, tension, and cluster headaches.
This branch of neurology is used to diagnose and treat vascular disease associated with the central nervous system.
It refers to the group of nervous system ailments that causes abnormal increased movements. These movements can be voluntary or involuntary. This condition may also cause slow or reduced movements.
It is an unpredictable, disabling disease of the brain and the spinal cord. The symptoms and sign of multiple sclerosis depend on the amount of damage to the nerve.
This branch of neurology studies the determinants and distribution of neurological ailments in the human population.
this branch of neurology studies the role of genetics in the function and development of the nervous system.
It is an umbrella term which consists of a variety of technologies and methods. This method helps to obtain the pictorial representation of the human nervous system. There are two types of neuroimaging: Structural Imaging and Functional Imaging. Structural imaging helps in the diagnosis of brain injury and certain disease associated with the brain.
This branch of neurology studies the nervous system and immunology together.
This field of neurology treats life-threatening diseases of the central nervous system. It also helps to identify and treat secondary brain injury.
It is an umbrella term which encompasses many various medical conditions that hinder the functioning of the4 muscles. This disorder affects the neuromuscular system of a person and may cause the muscle to become weak and waste away.
It is the study of the spinal cord and brain neoplasms. Most of these are dangerous and life-threatening. The primary focus of Neuro-oncology is cancerous brain tumors.
This is the ophthalmic sub-specialty that deals with eye diseases caused by different neurological conditions. It is the combination of primary specialties like Neuro-surgery, Neurology, and Radiology with ophthalmology.
This subspecialty of neurology treats and studies disorders of the ear. Basically, it is a subspecialty of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery.
This branch of neurology studies the central and peripheral nervous system and muscles.
This branch of neurology studies how drugs affect the cellular functioning in the nervous system.
Other subspecialty neurology includes Neurovirology, Pain, Sleep disorders, Spine and Stroke.
There are some medical conditions pertaining to neurological health that must be bought to the notice of a neurologist to diagnose and the most suitable treatment for the ailment. Listed below are the medical conditions that a neurologist treats:
Neurologists are the experts who diagnose and treat problems associated with the brain and nervous system.
A neurologist may check a patient’s
Depending on the medical condition of the patient the neurologist prescribe appropriate tests. A neurological examination has a very clear structure. The doctor will start with a casual conversation in which he/she will ask about the symptoms and other medical condition the patient had in the past. The procedure may include the way the patient walks, the posture, the sense of balance and other activities.
The neurologist will carry out a short physical examination in which he will measure the pulse and check the functioning of the lungs.
Your neurologist may prescribe you some tests, medications, and vaccinations based on your condition. Although, some of the common tests by the neurologists are:
This test is used to detect the blockages of the veins and arteries. Angiography shows the extent and severity of the disease and helps to figure out the way to treat it.
It is a procedure to remove a sample or piece of tissue of cells from the body so that it can be analyzed more closely. It helps to discover the presence, cause, and severity of the disease
Brain Scan is a painless way to obtain a pictorial representation of the brain for diagnosing tumors and other brain-related disorders.
Formerly known as computerized axial tomography scan it is an imaging procedure used to the created a detailed image of the body part or organ. In this, a narrow beam is used to obtain the image.
It is a procedure used to determine the cause of the back pain. Discography involves pressurizing discs by injecting with a sterile liquid to the affected discs.
This scan is used to diagnose problems associated with the spine and spinal nerve roots.
This test is used to monitor the activities of the brain through the skull. ECG helps to diagnose certain brain tumors, seizure disorders, brain damage from head injuries, alcoholism, inflammation of the brain and/or spinal cord, certain psychiatric disorders, and metabolic degenerative that affects the brain.
This electrodiagnostic procedure is used to diagnose muscle and nerve dysfunction and disease of the spinal cord.
It is a group of test that is used to diagnose dizziness, involuntary eye movement, and balance disorders. It also evaluates some functioning of the brain.
It helps to measure the electrical signals to the brain generated by sight, touch, and hearing. Basically, the test assesses the sensory nerve problems and assures the presence of a neurological condition including brain tumor, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and acoustic neuroma (small tumors of the inner ear).
This test is used to obtain a pictorial representation of body structures including bones, tissues, organs, and nerves using radio-generated waves and powerful magnetic waves.
This scan provides two or three-dimensional images of the brain. It is used to measure cellular or tissue metabolism, detect tumors and diseased tissue, evaluate patients with seizures disorders not responding to the treatment, show blood flow and determine the changes following drug abuse.
It helps to measure the activity of the brain and body during the sleep. For this, the patient has to stay at the sleep centre for over one or more nights. Result of the diagnosis is used to evaluate the sleep disorder pattern including periodic limb movement disorder, restless leg syndrome, insomnia, and breathing disorders.
It is a nuclear imaging test used to evaluate certain functioning of the brain. The doctor may ask to take the test as a follow-up test of MRI to diagnose infections, tumors, degenerative spinal diseases, and stress fractures.
Also known as ultrasound sonography, this test uses high-frequency waves to obtain image inside the body. It analyzes the blood flow in the brain and helps to diagnose brain tumors, stroke, vascular problems, and hydrocephalus.
It is used to detect vascular diseases of the neck and head, various neuro-musculoskeletal disorders, soft tissue injury and the presence or absence of nerve root compression.
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Ans: Primarily neurological disorders include disorders of
The disorders are:
Ans: Listed below are the sign and symptoms that indicate a person should see a neurologist:
Ans: There are many neurological disorders that can be treated. Symptomatic relief or treatment for each disease is different. To find the right treatment option, a neurologist will perform a few diagnoses and interpret tests of the nervous system or brain. The right treatment helps to maintain the best possible quality of life.
Ans: A brain tumor is a mass of abnormal cells in the brain. After a certain period of time, it starts growing and reproducing inappropriately. It compresses and damages the normal structure of the brain.
Ans: There treatment of a tumor depends on the nature of the tumor. A surgery or/and radiation therapy is performed for low-grade surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy is performed for a high-grade primary tumor. Treatment for a metastatic brain tumor typically consists of surgery and radiation therapy.