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Orthopedics is a branch of healthcare and medicine that involves the study, prevention, and correction of genetic, congenital and musculoskeletal disorders associated with the functioning of the bones, muscles, and joints.
Orthopedics is a very broad branch of science and involves 7 major sub-specialties. They are-
This branch of orthopedics is the study of treatment and correction of muscle, bone, and joint related disorders in children. Doctors proficient in pediatric orthopedics receive training localized to pediatric medicine. Pediatric orthopedics help in treating common ailments in children such as clubfoot, hip dysplasia, broken bones, cerebral palsy, pediatric fractures, and scoliosis. Since the body of children and young adolescents is still growing, it is very important to understand the mechanism of growth and development.
This division of orthopedic study deals with the ailments pertaining to the spinal cord. Orthopedists evaluate the condition of the spine to advise surgical or non-operative measures of treatment. The most commonly occurring ailments pertaining to the spine are scoliosis, old fractures causing recurrent pain, tumors, physical spinal disorders, and deformities. Any external trauma-induced injuries to the spine are also effectively treated by orthopedists with a specialization in spine orthopedics.
It is a known fact that the joints wear out with time and age. In some conditions, the wear and tear may be caused due to overuse of the joints or damage to the joints as well. Orthopedists specialize in the replacement of the joints. The most commonly replaced joints are the knee and hips.
Orthopedics with expertise in handling trauma caused to the musculoskeletal system while playing sports or training. These doctors are generally proficient in dealing with the rehabilitation and renewal of the body. With the use of medicines, surgery and physical methods, the orthopedists ensure maximum mobility and function in the affected area.
This division of orthopedics is concentrated on evaluating, assessing and treating conditions pertaining to the hand and arms. Orthopedists trained in hand surgery help to evaluate and treat disorders relating to the hand and elbow such as carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, nerve damages, and multipart elbow & hand fractures.
People often experience pain and inflammation in the knee and foot. As the name suggests, Foot and ankle orthopedists specialize in analyzing and treating ailments related to the foot and ankle such as Achilles tendonitis, muscle tears, bunions, foot conditions caused due to diabetes and ankle arthritis. They make use of surgical techniques as well as physical therapies to treat ailments.
Orthopedists efficient in curing conditions caused due to external trauma such as accidents, emergency reconstruction, industrial mishaps, and falls. Orthopedists are adept in performing critical and severe surgeries relating to the musculoskeletal system.
An orthopedist is a doctor who is proficient in dealing with ailments related to the musculoskeletal system which includes the cartilage, joints, bones, muscles, nerves, ligaments, and other connective tissues.
An orthopedist must be consulted in case any pain is being experienced in order to ascertain its cause and prevent the condition from worsening. It is always recommended to book an appointment beforehand in order to avoid wasting time waiting. It is advised to disclose the medical history and the exact symptoms being experienced to the doctor in detail.
An evaluation exam or consultation from an orthopedist is a must in case a patient is experiencing prolonged pain, inflammation, redness, joint stiffness, and internal trauma post-injury.
After performing a detailed examination and understanding the symptoms being experienced by the patient, the orthopedist evaluates the best-deemed course of treatment to effectively reduce the symptoms and pain. A visit to the orthopedist generally involves the following-
The doctor would ask various questions regarding the present and past medical conditions. This helps the doctor to identify whether the current symptoms are due to an internal defect, a past/recent external trauma or persistent underlying conditions.
These are tests conducted in order to ascertain the range of motion, reflex or flexibility of the patients. Any evident signs of ailment such as inflammation, redness and lumps, displacement of the spine, bruised skin and asymmetrical swelling are also noticed by the doctor.
Imaging tests such as MRI, X-rays, and MRI may be prescribed in case the orthopedist requires a detailed view of the affected area. These tests help the doctor in identifying and evaluating the affected area and ascertain conditions such as infections, displacement, inflammation or dislocation. At times, the orthopedist would need to evaluate the surrounding areas to identify the root cause of pain or other symptoms.
Based on the medical history as well as a present medical condition, the doctor will prescribe the most appropriate course of treatment after conducting imaging and physical tests.
Patients suffering from the following symptoms are generally advised to get a consultation from orthopedists in order to ascertain the underlying cause behind them-
An arthroscopy is a procedure that is minimally invasive by nature. An arthroscope and a tiny camera are used to get an inside view of the joint. This involves making two incisions at the site of the symptoms. It helps the orthopedist to analyze, monitor and even repair ligaments and other tissues.
Checking a blood sample of the patient help to identify conditions which can be identified by the presence of certain substances such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.
This is the cheapest and most effective test carried out to ascertain any underlying ailment in the bones or surrounding tissues. This method makes use of electromagnetic radiation to get an internal view of the body parts. It is mainly carried out to identify and analyze tumors, inflammation, dislocation, and fractures. It may also be conducted to identify space between joints and arthritis. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe multiple x-rays to be taken from different angles to get a full internal view of a body part and provide a correct analysis.
It is a diagnostic test that helps to produce an image result of the internal body parts. It is a simple and non- invasive method to obtain a view of various organs in the body. Ultrasounds are generally conducted to ascertain images of the neck, abdominal region, and heart. They help in identifying internal cysts, inflammation, blood clots, and swelling.
MRI is a type of scanning technique that makes use of powerful magnets and magnetic radio waves to generate images of the internal view of the body. It is generally conducted to obtain images of cartilages, muscles, herniated discs and various soft tissues in the body. It is a non-invasive test which is generally well- tolerated by patients except those who suffer from claustrophobia. This is because the procedure of MRI involves lying down on a table that is placed inside a tube.
Referred to as high-tech X-rays, CT Scans inculcate the use of computer technology with X-rays to generate detailed images of the internal view of the body. They are often prescribed to ascertain conditions such as trauma in the internal organs or structures and suspected cancer or tumors. A CT Scan may also be recommended to patients in case an X-ray proves to be insufficient in providing a clear view of the internal structure.
Bone scan is an imaging technique that makes use of a very small amount of tracer, which is a radioactive substance. It aids in diagnosing and detecting ailments relating to the bones such as fractures, infection in the bones, location of bone inflammation, metastasis, and bone cancer.
It is a type of test conducting to identify numerous abnormalities in the organ/ bone structure, alignment of the limbs, and rotation of the joints.
This is a physical test conducted to assess the stimulus-response of the brain and joints.
Just like everything else, finding the best orthopedist in Gurgaon is as easy as just typing a few words in google search. By searching for “top orthopedist in Gurgaon” or best orthopedist near me” you can easily ascertain a list of the most skillful medical practitioners in the field of orthopedics.
With the advancement in technology and its ramification in the healthcare field, there has been a rise in the number of online healthcare services. Online healthcare providers such as Docprime provide easy access to a directory of skillful healthcare providers and clinics in all vicinities. It also helps in booking consultation with ease and at discounted rates.
The cost of surgical procedures varies from place to place. It is mainly dependent on the following factors-
Type of Surgical procedure - Range of cost in Gurgaon
Ans: A person is recommended to visit an orthopedist in order to adequately evaluate and get treatment for ailments affecting the musculoskeletal muscles in the body. Problems and conditions relating to muscles, joints, and bones can be effectively treated by consulting an orthopedist. The doctor may prescribe medicines, physical therapy or surgical procedures to treat the existing symptoms.
Ans: No, not all orthopedic doctors conduct surgical procedures. All orthopedic doctors are proficient in evaluating and treating ailments related to the muscles, joints, and bones. Only a few orthopedic doctors are trained and specialize in conducting orthopedic procedures.
Ans: It is generally advised to consult an orthopedist that specializes in spine ailments in order to ascertain the underlying cause often back pain. The specialist may advise undertaking a few tests in order to get a detailed view of the spine. This may be done to make a correct evaluation of the cause of the back pain.
Ans: A branch of orthopedic surgery aimed at evaluation and treatment of joints, bones and various soft tissues post-trauma are known as an orthopedic trauma surgeon. Trauma implies severe and critical conditions caused due to accidents, fall, industrial mishap or other unforeseeable instances.
Ans: Orthopedic surgeons make use of physical therapies, nonsurgical as well as surgical procedures to treat spine-related disorders, musculoskeletal trauma, sports prompted injuries spine diseases, congenital disorders, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and genetic conditions.