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While psychology is an umbrella term for the branch of medical science that deals with the study of behavioural and mental processes of individuals this branch is a diverse and varied subject with different areas of study and practice. There are a number of subspecialties of psychology. A few major of them are:
Clinical psychology is the widest field of psychology that deals with evaluation and treatment of mental, emotional and behavioural disorders. Clinical psychologists or experts with the degree of ‘Doctor of Psychology’ usually work in hospitals, counselling centres, or independent clinics.
Counselling psychology is a sub-speciality of psychology that encompasses research and applied work in various domains broadly classified as
a) counselling process and outcome
b) career development and counselling
c) supervision and training
d) prevention and health.
Psychologists who specialize in this branch employs the use of numerous techniques, including interviewing and testing, to guide an individual in dealing with everyday problems in life. They usually practice in different sites such as university counselling centres, and hospitals.
Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as thinking, memory, language use, creativity, problem-solving, and perception. Perceptual psychology is a part of cognitive psychology that deals specifically with how a human mind analyses, understands, plans and decides to resolve a problem.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the scientific study of human learning. Experts who specialize in this branch studies how people learn and retain new information. The subspecialty also includes the study of the instructional process, individual differences in learning, learning disabilities and gifted learning abilities.
Psychologists specialized in developmental psychology study how and why human beings change over the course of their life, that is they study the physiological, cognitive, and social development that takes place throughout life. Originally the branch was concerned only with infants and children. However, its scope has now expanded to adult development, adolescence, ageing, and the entire lifespan.
Engineering psychology is a branch of psychology that is concerned with the relationship between man and machine including objects that we use in our everyday lives.
Experts in the field of sports psychology study how psychology influences performances, sports, athletics, and physical activity. Sports psychologists usually work with coaches and professional athletes. They help increase motivation and improve performance.
Experimental psychology is the branch of psychology that employs the use of experimental methods for the psychological study of a great many topics such as memory, sensation, perception, cognition, motivation, learning, emotion; developmental processes, social psychology, and the neural substrates of all of these.
Forensic psychology is the application of clinical specialities of psychology in the legal arena. The branch concentrates on studying problems of crime prevention through rehabilitation programs.
This branch of psychological science addresses the mental health needs of the elderly.
Commonly known as I/O psychology, industrial-organizational psychology is the application of psychological principles and theories to organizations. The field is concerned with the physical and mental well-being of employees so as to increase workplace productivity.
Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on how brain injuries and illnesses affect behaviours and cognitive functions. It deals with the process through which the brain and the rest of the nervous system influences a person's cognition and behaviours.
School psychology is a field that collectively applies the theories and principles of clinical psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, community psychology, and applied behaviour analysis to meet children's and teenagers’ behavioural health and learning needs in a collaborative manner with parents and educators.
This branch of psychology deals with social interactions, including their origins and their effects on the individual.
Life is not so easy; it is full of challenges and problems. While some problems can be resolved easily, others may impact your mental and emotional health. When this happens, you need a psychologist who can assist you in trying to resolve that problem. A few situations and reasons when you may need to consult a psychologist are:
While death is an inevitable part of life, losing a loved one can cause severe mental disturbances. A psychologist can help find appropriate ways to cope with such loss.
It’s absolutely okay to feel stressed out or anxious at some points of life. However, if this stress and anxiety are not managed or controlled at a right time, they may lead to depression, social isolation and other mental disorders. If you feel that unmanageable stress and anxiety is bothering you, you should consult a physiologist who can help you find the root cause of the stress as well as the right ways to overcome them.
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in which people tend to lose interest in life. Consulting a psychologist in such situation can help the patient feel better.
While some phobias are usual that does not cause any harm, some fears like sitophobia (fear of eating), phobophobia (fear of fear), etc. can cause adverse effects. An experienced psychologist can help overcome such fears.
Unhealthy habits and addictions such as addictions, eating disorders, stress management and sleeping disorders can cause adverse health issues. Experienced psychologists can help tackle such habits as well as face any existing health issue.
Feeling anxious is normal. A patient may feel very anxious before giving an exam, going for an interview or due to other reasons. Anxiety sometimes helps people to perform better. However, if a patient feels anxious all the time and without any particular reason, it may be a sign of an anxiety disorder. When anxiety becomes overwhelming, it hampers the ability of a person to think clearly and affects his/her day to day life.
Depression is a mental disorder in which a patient feels sad for a prolonged period and is unable to enjoy even the things that he liked the most. Other symptoms of depression include low energy, irritation, difficulty in sleeping, suicidal thoughts etc.
This is a mental problem that usually occurs when a patient has been exposed to life-threatening and overwhelming situations. Some of the events that lead to PTSD may include witnessing a natural calamity, sexual assault, murder, domestic violence, war etc.
An addiction is a health disorder characterized by the need to do something even if it harms the patient itself. The most common types of addictions are gambling, alcohol, drugs and tobacco. Addiction can take over a person's life and leave them helpless. A psychologist may help the patient to manage the problem and aid in its recovery.
The condition refers to an abnormal pattern of eating and exercising that severely interferes with a person’s daily life. In this, a patient may eat very less food or too much food in an uncontrolled manner. Some of the most common eating disorders include Anorexia nervosa, binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa etc.
The condition is characterized by a compulsive need to do something. These compulsions make a person feel less guilty for a short period of time. Some of the most commonly felt compulsions are to clean, count, pray etc.
A personality disorder makes it difficult for a person to feel comfortable in themselves. The patients are unable to control their emotions and impulses.
It is a mental illness where the patient is unable to differentiate between what is real and unreal. Patients suffering from schizophrenia often feel tensed and isolated. They may see and listen to people who do not even exist.
It is a serious mental health condition characterized by episodes of mood change. The psychological disorder affects people's mood and interferes with their ability to conduct day to day activities.
When an individual visits a Psychologist for the first time, the doctor analyses the emotional and mental status of the patient. He then plans a treatment regime that includes several sessions.
Each session is, essentially, a problem-solving session where you explain your current situation or state of mind along with your feelings about it. The specialist uses his or her expertise to help resolve the problem and step into the life you wish to have. For this, the therapist may incorporate the use of music or art therapy, hypnotherapy, life coaching sessions, meditation, visualization, or role-playing exercises.
Your psychologist may prescribe you a few counselling sessions, medications, and test based on your psychological condition. Some of the commonly prescribed tests by a psychologist are:
There a number of treatments that a psychologist can offer. A few of them are:
The best Psychologist in Gurgaon can be found using a simple Google search. You can type “best Psychologists near me”, or alternatively you can type “top Psychologist in Gurgaon”. Apart from this method, you can also find the best Psychologist in Gurgaon or nearby to your location by visiting Docprime and searching for the same. On Docprime you can easily find a Psychologist near you and get discounts on your bookings.
Psychologists charge on hourly basis. The consultation fee varies with the age of the patient, the mental and emotional status of the patient and the complexity of the case. The fee may also vary with the experience and qualification of the doctor in different hospitals and clinics.
The general consultation fee of psychologists in Gurgaon ranges from INR 500 to INR 3000.
Ans: Psychologists are medical experts with at least 11 years of training. If these experts have done Doctorate (PhD), they can be called doctors. However, they are not medical doctors.
Ans: Psychiatrists are well-trained medical practitioners that may prescribe medications whereas, psychologists are not medical doctors. The latter uses psychotherapy to treat patients suffering from emotional and mental issues.
Ans: Depending on the mental condition of the patient and age of the patient, a Psychologist may offer a number of side effects such as:
Ans: The consultancy fee for a psychologist in Gurgaon starts from INR 500 per session and can go up to INR 3,000 per session. A session typically lasts for one hour.