Prostatectomy deals with certain surgical procedures to remove the prostate gland partially or completely. The prostate gland is situated right below of the urinary bladder, in the male pelvis. This gland surrounds the urethra that passes urine from the bladder to the penis. Depending on the condition involved, this surgery can be performed with different approaches. The men with localized prostate cancer are recommended radical prostatectomy. This surgery involves the removal of the entire prostate gland and surrounding lymph nodes. Seminal vesicles along with the nearly lymph nodes are removed in this particular process. This surgery cures prostate cancer in men whose cancer is limited to the prostate gland. On the other hand, simple prostatectomy deals with treating enlarged prostate glands and severe urinary symptoms. The enlargement of the prostate is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia. In this case, only the part of the prostate that blocks the flow of urine is removed.