Alanine Transaminase (ALT) is also known as Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT), is an enzyme produced by the liver. A test for this enzyme is performed when symptoms of a liver disorder appear such as vomiting, jaundice, dark urine, itching, and loss of appetite. The test is often recommended along with other liver tests.
Why get tested?
It is usually done to determine whether the patient has liver failure or live injury. The doctor orders an ALT test when the patient is experiencing symptoms of the liver disorder such as:
Pain in the right upper quadrant of your abdomen
Jaundice, which is yellowing of your eyes or skin
What it measures?
Alanine Transaminase is performed to measure the level of ALT in the blood. It monitors the progression of liver diseases like liver failure and hepatitis, evaluating how well the treatment is going, and assessing whether treatment for liver disease should be started or not.
This test includes
Alanine Aminotransferase ALT (SGPT)
It doesn’t require any special preparation. Although, you have to inform the doctor about over-the-counter or any other medication you are taking.