Swine Flu

Swine flu is also called as the H1N1 virus. It is a highly contagious respiratory disease. It is a disease of pigs which can be transmitted to humans. The symptoms of swine flu are similar to the symptoms of regular flu. Generally, swine flu occurs due to H1N1. Though, it can come also come from other viruses including H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2. A direct contact with a pig can lead to swine flu. The symptoms include a cough, fever greater or equal to 100 F, nasal secretions, headache, and fatigue. The incubation period of swine flu is 1 - 4 days. The serious complication that is associated with swine flu is pneumonia. There are some over-the-counter medicines that may help to reduce the symptoms of swine flu. Some home remedies can also be used but one should ask the doctor before use.

Swine Flu Symptoms

The symptoms of swine flu that are experienced by humans are very similar to the symptoms of regular swine flu. Check out some of the symptoms or signs of swine flu that people may experience:

-  Generally, people with swine flu, feel tired.

-  Swine flu can cause a headache.

-  People may have a sore throat during swine flu.

-  Chills, cough, and fever are some of the common symptoms of swine flu.

-  An ache in the body is also a symptom of swine flu.

-  Diarrhoea and vomiting are also the symptoms of swine flu but these symptoms are less common.

-  Nausea and runny or stuffy nose are some of the other symptoms of swine flu.

-  People with swine flu may experience the shortness of breath.

-  Sometimes, swine flu can lead to pneumonia which is the most common complication of swine flu.

Read More About: Jaundice Symptoms | Diverticulitis Symptoms

Swine Flu Causes

People over the age of 65 years, pregnant ladies, a person with a compromised immune system, people suffering from chronic disease, children under the age of 5 years, and those teenagers who are receiving aspirin therapy for long-term are more prone to catch swine flu. There are a few cases of swine flu in people. Check out the potential causes of swine flu in people:

-  A direct contact with an infected pig: It is the most common cause of swine flu. If you have a direct contact with a pig that has swine flu infection then you are more likely to get this infection.

-  A direct contact with an infected pig: It is the other cause of swine flu. Though, it is less common. If a person comes in direct contact with an infected person then there is a risk of catching the infection. Such cases, generally occur when a person has close contact with the infected person.

How to diagnosed swine flu?

As soon as you experience the symptoms of swine flu, you should reach out to the best doctor for a diagnosis. Your doctor will ask you about the symptoms that you are experiencing. Symptoms are really helpful for doctors in recognizing that the person is having swine flu. Your doctor will conduct a quick test which is also known as rapid influenza diagnostic test. This test is done to identify swine flu. There is a possibility that the diagnostic test shows a negative result even if the influenza is present. That is why doctors give preference to the specialized laboratories so that accurate result can be obtained. The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to the symptoms of regular flu. The symptoms that are experienced by the people are generally mild and resolve on their own. The treatment that is given in case of swine flu is also similar to the treatment given in case of regular flu. Most of the cases of swine flu do not require any treatment.

Prevention of swine flu

Check out the various ways to prevent swine flu or limit its spread:

- You should stay at your home if you have swine flu. Swine flu is a contagious disease so there is a risk that it can be transmitted to others. So, you should stay at your home for at least 24 hours once the fever is gone.

- You should wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water especially before starting a meal, if you have come from outside, or if you have touched a surface that you doubt could be contaminated with swine flu virus. If you do not have soap and water then you can use a sanitizer which is alcohol-based.

- If someone in your family has swine flu then you should reduce the contact with the infected person for some time. A direct contact with an infected person is the potential cause of swine flu.

- If you have swine flu then you should cover your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing. You should sneeze or cough inside crook of your elbow or into a tissue in order to avoid your hands from contaminating.

- If the season swine flu is going on, then you should stay away from the crowd especially if you are younger than 5 years or older than 65 years, you have a chronic disease including asthma, and you are pregnant.

- You should get the vaccination for flu that is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for all people who are older than 6 months. The vaccine can be injected or given as a nasal spray. This nasal spray is not for pregnant ladies, people with a compromised immune system, people who use aspirin therapy, unhealthy people, people younger than 2 years, or people older than 49 years.

Swine Flu Treatment

Most of the cases of swine flu do not require medical treatment. If you have swine flu then you should avoid contact with other people in order to prevent the spread of swine flu to the other people.  You should visit a doctor for proper treatment if you are experiencing severe symptoms or you are at the risk of developing various serious complications due to swine flu. There are two antiviral medicines that are generally recommended by the doctor for treating the people with swine flu. These antiviral drugs include zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu). These drugs are reserved for those people who are at a greater risk of complications due to flu. People who are healthy can easily fight with swine flu without any treatment. If you have swine flu then you should do a lot of rest as it will help your immune system to fight with the infection. It is important to prevent dehydration so you should drink a plenty of water and other fluids to stay hydrated. You can have over-the-counter medicines that will help you get a relief from the pain. These medicines reduce the symptoms that people experience when they have swine flu including a sore throat and headache. A lot of home remedies are available that help to treat and prevent swine flu.

Read More About: Heartburn Treatment | Peptic Ulcer Treatment

Complications

Check out some of the complications that are associated with swine flu:

- Pneumonia: Swine flu can lead to pneumonia which is the most serious complication of swine flu. Pneumonia is a condition in which there is an infection in one or both the lungs. Viral pneumonia can be life-threatening if the patient is very young or old.

- Chronic diseases can get worse: If you already have heart disease or asthma then your situation can get worse due to swine flu infection.

- Symptoms or signs related to the nervous system: Due to swine flu infection, people can experience symptoms related to the nervous system ranging from confusion to seizures.

- Respiratory failure: Sometimes, swine flu can lead to respiratory failure.

Myths related to swine flu

Check out various myths or misconceptions about swine flu:

Myth #1: At the point when the World Health Organization's pandemic alarm level ascents, it implies the swine influenza is getting to be deadlier.

The pandemic alarm level isn't a measure of swine influenza's destructiveness. Instead, it's a measure of how widespread disease has become.

Myth #2: One can get swine influenza from eating or dealing with pork.

To date, no confirmation has been found to link eating or dealing with pork to contracting swine influenza.

Myth #3: In the event that you got a regular influenza shot, you are shielded from swine influenza.

While a strain of H1N1 infection is one of the three influenza infections contained in the yearly influenza antibody, it doesn't coordinate the strain of swine influenza that has been influencing individuals to debilitated, thus the immunization will probably not give full assurance against this season's flu virus.

Myth #4: You're safe insofar as you're healthy.

Only sick, frail individuals get extremely ill. Most kids who have died because of swine influenza were fit, and a considerable lot of the grown-up casualties additionally had no basic conditions of flu.

Myth #5: I'll be OK if I simply eat natural sustenance, take vitamins, wear a cover, wash my hands a great deal and drink a lot of liquids.

Getting vaccinated is by a far the best thing you can do to shield yourself and your family from swine influenza.

Myth #6: Swine flu is simply gentle influenza.

The demise rates are even lower than for typical influenza. Swine influenza is slaughtering youngsters instead of the plain elderly. Swine flu is not gentle in nature as compared to regular flu.

Conclusion

Swine flu is also known as the H1N1 virus. H1N1 is the major cause of swine flu infection. Though, it can also occur due to H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2. Swine flu incubation period is of 1 - 4 days. A direct contact with an infected pig and a direct contact with an infected person are the two main causes of swine flu. Swine flu symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of regular flu. Fatigue, chills, cough, fever, nausea, runny or stuffy nose, diarrhoea, vomiting and body aches are some of the common symptoms of swine flu infection. Diarrhoea and vomiting are the less common symptoms of swine flu. You should visit a doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of swine flu for a diagnosis. Generally, swine flu gets resolved on its own without any treatment. Zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu) are the two antiviral medicines that are generally prescribed by the doctors to the people with swine flu if they are at the risk of developing serious complications. If you are pregnant, you are older than 65 years or younger than 5 years, you have a weak immune system then you must visit a doctor for proper treatment. You should avoid contact with the people who are infected with swine flu infection as it is a highly contagious disease. If you have swine flu then you should not leave your home otherwise it would spread to the other people. Pneumonia, respiratory failure, worsening chronic conditions, confusion, and seizures are some of the complications associated with swine flu. Pneumonia is the most serious complication of swine flu. People have a lot of myths and misconceptions about swine flu.

If you are looking for the answers to various questions including:

-  What is swine flu?

-  What are the signs or symptoms of swine flu?

-  What are the causes of swine flu?

-  How is swine flu diagnosed?

-  How is swine flu prevented?

-  How is swine flu treated?

-  What are various complications associated with swine flu?

-  What are the myths about swine flu?

Then you are in the right place. Please refer to the above-mentioned information.

Read More About: Hyperhidrosis | Dystonia | Chalazion

Last updated on : 26-10-2018

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

Leave a Comment