TORCH IGG test is a panel test performed to diagnose infections in pregnant women. Early detection of the infection and timely treatment can prevent complications in new born. These infections spread through blood to the baby from the mother.
TORCH is an acronym for the following infectious diseases:
Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma Gondi): Usually, this infection occurs after eating undercooked contaminated meat, using contaminated cutting board, knives and other utensils, it can also spread from the mother to the child during pregnancy, and can be spread due to exposure from infected cat faeces. Symptoms of this condition may include:
Rubella: Also known as German measles, Rubella is a contagious viral infection which can be characterized by distinctive red rashes. Symptoms of Rubella may include:
Cytomegalovirus: This virus is a common herpes virus which remains dormant in the body. It may cause complications during pregnancy and for the people with a weak immune system. Signs and symptoms of this condition are not visible. Although, it can result in epilepsy, hearing loss, and intellectual disability in a developing foetus.
Herpes simplex: It is a contagious infection that typically affects the mouth, anal and genital area. It can be characterized by the outbreaks of sores and other symptoms. It can cause a variety of serious medical issues in the new born, including:
HIV: It is a virus that targets and alters the immune system. It affects the body’s natural defence against illness. If the disease is not treated in the early stages, then it may reduce the number of CD4 cells in the body and can lead to AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome).
Why get tested?
The doctor may advise the patient to take the test when an infant is born with congenital deformities which are suspected to be caused by an infection. In some cases, it may occur if a woman becomes ill during pregnancy or is exposed to a certain type of infection.
The doctor may also advise the test if the following symptoms are diagnosed in the infant:
Central nervous system impairment
Low levels of platelets
Enlarged spleen and liver
This test includes
Torch Panel IGG
Restrict the consumption of alcohol before undergoing the TORCH IGG Test.
Patients are advised to inform the doctor if they are on any medications before taking the TORCH Test.
If the patient has any allergies or medical condition then it is important to inform the doctor before the TORCH IGG Test.
There are no specific preparatory measures required to be taken for a TORCH IGG Test. The instructions provided by the doctor as well as the lab technician must be strictly adhered to.
Frequently asked questions
Q.Are there any risks associated with undergoing the TORCH IGG test?
A TORCH IGG test involves a simple blood test which is minimally invasive by nature. Thus, the test is safe unless the area where the needle is inserted to collect the blood sample becomes infected.
Q.What is the time taken to undergo this test?
The usual time taken to undergo this test varies between 5-15 minutes.