Trichology refers to the study of hair and scalp. Trichologists specialize in diagnosing and offering treatment for hair fall, hair thinning, hair breakage, oily scalp, itchy scalp, and dandruff.
Trichologists are experts who offer treatment for hair-related ailments such as trichotillomania and alopecia. To make an accurate diagnosis of the underlying problem, trichologists perform a clinical examination of the affected area. Apart from conducting a physical examination, the experts may ask the patients about their medical history, eating habits and hair-care routine.
To identify the cause, a trichologist may check for fungal infections or recommend some blood tests for proper diagnosis.
After the diagnosis, the doctor may recommend the right treatment to cure hair related problems. The treatment plan may include the use of lotions or topical creams and a change in the diet plan. If the reason of hair fall is an underlying medical condition, the trichologist may refer to a medical practitioner.
Conditions Treated by Trichologists are as follows:
The disease causes hair to fall out in small patches. Initially, the condition remains unnoticeable, but as the frequency of hair fall increases, the loss becomes evident. The disease develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles resulting in hair loss.
Traumatic Alopecia is usually caused due to external reasons and hair styling tools. Some of the tools that may cause damage to the hair include hair straighteners, curling rods and other chemical products.
It is one of the most common forms of dandruff. Usually, it is caused due to genetic sensitivity towards Malassezia yeast.
Irritant or Contact Dermatitis
Various chemicals that are found in shampoos, conditioners, and other hair products may cause dry, itchy scalp and flakes. The irritation may also be a result of washing the hair with excessive cold or warm water. In severe conditions, it may develop into pustules.
It is an autoimmune condition, which is characterized by small, dry silvery flakes attached to the skin. The condition is believed to be a genetic condition that is usually triggered by stress.
In this condition layers of scales adhere to the hair. The condition is usually accompanied by the presence of staphylococcus bacteria.
The hair follicles become inflamed and are usually caused by a fungal or bacterial infection. The condition usually affects the occipital area, which is at the back of the scalp.
It is a fungal infection that is characterized by the presence of dermatophyte fungus. The condition is very common in children and is rarely found in adults. A trichologist can treat such a condition.
Dandruff – Appearance of white flakes in excess is a sign of dandruff. It may also result in dry and itchy skin. Sometimes, it can also result in hair fall. In such a condition, it will be helpful to consult a trichologist.
Hair Loss - Hair fall is one of the most common problems faced by both men and women. Hair fall may occur due to several underlying reasons. A trichologist can help you in this regard.
Balding - Bald spots are quite prominent and can be embarrassing at times. Baldness may occur due to lack of nutrition and genetic factors. A trichologist may suggest a few changes in your diet to reduce baldness.
There are many ways to find a trichologist near you –
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