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Urologists specialize in different areas including urologic cancer, male fertility, and sexual dysfunction. Including these parameters, there are various areas of practice. These include:
This branch of urology helps in treating disorders of children’s genitourinary systems. The pediatric urologist helps the children in treating their urologic issues that affect kidney, ureter, and bladder.
This sub-specialty of urology helps in treating cancers of the male and female urinary tract. The urologic specialists help in treating difficult cancers such as surgical procedures, post-chemotherapy surgery, and ablative techniques.
This condition focuses on the medical conditions of the bladder related to the injuries of the spinal cord and neurological disorders. Neurogenic bladder is caused due to the brain or spinal cord injury that interferes with nerve conduction in the pelvic area and causes loss of bladder and motor control.
A urologist helps in treating the following conditions:
This condition often arises when bacteria migrate from the digestive tract to the urethra. These symptoms include pain, incontinence, vomiting, and fever. This condition mostly affects women.
This condition is caused by the damage to the male reproductive tract and various sperm disorders. These conditions can be treated with surgery.
The bladder, kidneys, prostate gland and other cancer affect the urinary system, in men.
The bladder is supported by a hammock of pelvic floor muscles and tissue. Once these tissues expand, they become weak. The bladder drops and bulges through the layer and into the vagina. This may cause bladder prolapse, which is also known as a cystocele. The prolapsed bladder appears in the opening of the vagina. Sometimes, it drops through a vaginal opening. This condition is common among women.
In this condition, the penis is not able to attain rigidity to get sexual intercourse. This condition is often a symptom of an underlying condition.
A urologist performs the surgery to:
This treatment is performed under complete guidance. The rectum is anesthetized before a urologist takes different prostate tissue with a needle. Other biopsies such as those from the bladder are carried out in the hospital.
Many blood tests performed by the urologist helps them in determining the health of the urinary system. Some of the commonly performed tests are PSA, creatinine, and testosterone.
This test is used to assess cancer cells in the urine. A urine specimen is sent to the laboratory to diagnose the abnormal cells.
This X-ray technique helps in diagnosing various urologic conditions, such as stones, cysts, and tumors.
The PSA is released from prostate tissue and can be assessed by a simple blood test. The increased levels of antigen in the blood can indicate prostate cancer and also signifies inflammation of the prostate.
This treatment helps the urologist in diagnosing the inside of the patient’s bladder. Once it is performed, a local anesthetic is used desensitized the urethra. The urologist will insert a small instrument into the bladder and fills the bladder with water while diagnosing the urethra, prostate in men and the interior of the bladder. This technique helps in detecting abnormalities of the bladder wall, stones and bladder tumors that can be detected with cystoscopy.
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The common urological procedures are as follows:
Fistula surgery: Rs. 18,000 to Rs. 1,45,000
Circumcision: Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 98,000
Kidney transplant: Rs. 4,10,000 to Rs 5,00,000
Hernia surgery: Rs. 16,000 to 3,40,000
Kidney stone removal: Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 2,55,000
Ans. The urologists are experts in treating problems that affect the urinary tract. They help in treating bladder control problems and other conditions of the female reproductive system, such as pelvic organ prolapse.
Ans. The procedures performed in the urology exam vary according to the diagnosis. The doctor mainly concentrates on genitourinary system, urinary bladder and reproductive organs. Depending on the symptoms, additional tests are performed.
Cystoscopy and ureterostomy are common procedures performed by a urologist that enables them to look inside the urinary tract.
Ans. One should book an appointment with a urologist if they notice blood in the urine, experience genital pain and increased urine output.