Uterine Cancer

In some cases, the lining of the uterus can develop cancer and lead to this condition. Endometrial cancer usually affects women after menopause. The abnormal growth of cancerous cells in this region causes this disease and it is usually accompanied by vaginal bleeding and pain in the pelvic region. For this reason, it can be easily detected in the early stages and provide treatment becomes relatively easy when compared to other types of cancer. With proper treatment, it is possible to lead a normal life and many women get complete relief from this disease. However, removing the uterus becomes mandatory in most cases to treat this disease.

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer:

-  Some of the symptoms of uterine cancer may not be specific to this disease and you should always consult your doctor whenever you are having such symptoms. You should never neglect vaginal bleeding especially if it happens after Menopause as this can be a clear indication of early-stage uterine cancer.

-  In the same manner, when you are having discharge on normal days other than your menstruation cycle, you should be concerned as this is not common and it may indicate some problems with the uterus. This symptom is common in people suffering from uterine cancer.

-  Many women also experience a lot of pain during urination and it can become very difficult for them to lead an active lifestyle with this condition.

-  Similarly, they also experience pain during sexual intercourse and this should not be taken lightly as it can indicate early signs of this disease.

-  You will also notice that there will be an abnormal pain in the pelvic region when you are suffering from this disease. Even though these symptoms can also occur in the body without the presence of any cancerous cells, you should never neglect them and always approach your doctor for a detailed medical checkup. Only a thorough diagnosis will confirm the presence of cancerous cells in your body.

Causes of Uterine Cancer

-  While the exact cause of uterine cancer is not yet known, it is established that an increase in the level of estrogen can trigger this condition as it helps in the buildup of the uterus lining and this leads to cancer over a period of time.

-  It is also well known that women over the age of 60 are under higher risk of getting this type of cancer.

-  When the menopause begins after the age of 50, it can lead to some complications and some women can develop this disease.

-  Apart from that, some drugs used for the treatment of breast cancer can also trigger uterine cancer and you need to be careful about using such treatment.

-  Obesity also plays a major role in developing this type of cancer and you should always pay attention to your weight and plan your diet and workout regime as per the suggestions of your doctor.

-  Women who have never been pregnant are also under higher risk of developing this disease later in life. Also, women who do not have their periods regularly are also more prone to getting this disease in the future.

-  Women suffering from PCOS are also likely to develop such types of cancer later in their life.

-  Along with this, other health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure can also lead to uterine cancer in a few patients.

Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer

- Physical examination of the pelvic region : The physical examination of the inner layout of the vagina will give some indication about any abnormalities in the region. If the doctor notices any suspicious growth in this region or you experience a lot of pain during this process, further diagnosis will be suggested to confirm the problem.

- Ultrasound test: This test may be performed through the vaginal area and it will help the doctors to analyze the layout of the endometrium. This can capture the visuals of the uterus region and an abnormal buildup of tissues in the lining will be taken as a clear symptom of uterine cancer and further tests will be done to confirm the presence of cancer in the body.

- Hysteroscopy : In this procedure, a thin tube called hysteroscope will be inserted into the affected area through the vagina. This allows the doctors to watch the complete inner layer of the affected area and it will give a clear insight into the presence of any tumours in this region. After this method, further diagnosis will be required to collect the sample tissues from the affected area.

- Biopsy : A sample of the affected area is collected in this method and this will be tested in the lab. The uterus lining will not be affected in any manner during the test and it can even be done without any anaesthesia. This test can give confirmation about cancer in most cases and doctors will be able to chart the further course of treatment based on the results of the biopsy.

- Dilation and Curettage : This method is used when the results of the biopsy are not very clear. This involves a minor surgery to remove the tissue in a small way that will be enough for lab tests. This will help the doctors to determine if the tissues are affected by cancer. However, this procedure is not required in most cases and the biopsy method is more than enough to establish confirmed results.

Prevention of Uterine Cancer

-  It is very important to prevent this type of cancer as it can lead to various complications in the future. You need to take care of the Menopause symptoms and consider proper therapy that will help you to balance the hormone activity in the body. In some cases, you need to be very careful when choosing hormone therapy as this can increase your chances of getting uterine cancer. Make sure that you consider all the possibilities and risk factors while choosing hormone therapy.

-  Whenever you want to use birth control, it is a good idea to choose contraceptive pills as they can reduce the risk of getting uterine cancer in the future. Even after you have stopped taking these pills, you can continue to get protection for many years and this shows the effectiveness of oral contraceptive pills in preventing such cancer. However, you need to understand that using such methods may also have some minor side effects and you should always consult your doctor before choosing the best birth control method suited for your body.

-  It is generally seen that obese people have a higher chance of getting uterine cancer. In this regard, you should always maintain a healthy lifestyle and try to lose excess weight by choosing proper methods. You should also keep a tab on your eating habits and ensure that you eat healthy and nutritious food as this will help you lose weight and gain the required muscular strength for your everyday activities. This can also provide the suitable nutrition for your body and you will be able to fight different types of cancers without any hazards.

-  You should also plan a proper workout regime as this will help you to avoid uterine cancer. This will keep you away from obesity and you will be able to lead a healthy life in this manner.

Treatment for Uterine Cancer

- Surgery : This method is essential to remove the uterus from the body. The consequences of this treatment are that you will experience menopause even if you haven't reached the appropriate age for this condition. Apart from that, you will not be able to have children in the future after getting your uterus removed. In most cases, this method will be more than enough to treat the disease and only in rare cases, you may need further surgery to remove the nearby affected tissues.

- Radiation therapy : This method is usually used before performing surgery as it can kill the cancer cells in the uterus region. In this way, the size of the affected area can be drastically reduced and it will also help to avoid recurrence of cancer in the future. However, not everyone is eligible to get this treatment as this also comes with few side effects.

- Hormone Therapy : This method is usually used when the cancer is in the advanced stage and has started spreading to other regions. In this method, the level of progesterone is artificially increased in the body by injecting hormones and it may help to prevent the further growth of cancer in the uterus. Apart from that, further medication will be given to reduce the estrogen level in the body.

- Chemotherapy : This is recommended for patients suffering from advanced level of cancer and it will help to kill the cancer cells throughout the body. However, this treatment comes with many side effects and the overall health condition of the patient is considered before selecting this method of treatment.

-  Finally, medication is also prescribed to reduce the pain and control other symptoms in case of advanced level of uterine cancer. This type of supportive treatment is essential to provide relief from pain during the treatment process.

Complications of Uterine Cancer

-  There are few complications associated with uterine cancer and some of them happen due to the treatment is given to cure this disease.

-  In the early stages of uterine cancer, you may experience severe blood loss due to vaginal bleeding and this can create a lot of health problems. In most cases, this can lead to anaemia and create further complications in the body.

-  In extreme cases, few patients may develop a hole in the uterus and this can lead to dangerous consequences if it is not treated at the right time.

-  Apart from that, some complications may also arise out of surgery and follow up treatment will be necessary to get complete relief from this disease.

-  Remember that radiation and chemotherapy can cause general weakness that may last for several weeks and you will need good support to come out of the situation. It can also put a lot of emotional stress on the patients and take proper medication and eat a healthy diet will help you to recover from this situation in quick time.

Myths about Uterine Cancer

Myth #1: Uterine cancer is fatal :

This is completely false and you can easily get a proper cure when you treat the disease in the early stages. You should never neglect the symptoms and always choose professional help whenever you notice vaginal bleeding or abnormal discharge from your body. Many women get complete relief after getting timely treatment and they can easily go ahead with everyday activities without any problems.

Myth #2: Uterine cancer cannot be prevented :

Even though there is no foolproof method to prevent cancer, it is possible to avoid them by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. When it comes to preventing uterine cancer, you should reduce your weight and pay attention to your hormonal balance, especially during the Menopause phase. Make sure that you choose hormone therapy only when it is absolutely required and consider the risks involved in the process as this can lead to uterine cancer in some cases. Along with this, using birth control pills will also go a long way in preventing uterine cancer in the future.


This condition can be prevented by taking good care of your health. You should be watchful regarding the symptoms of this disease and always approach your doctor as soon as you notice such symptoms in your body. You should never take vaginal bleeding lightly as this can be the primary indication of uterine cancer in many patients. Remember that detecting the condition early will help you to get timely treatment and you can completely recover from this disease. If proper treatment is not provided at the right stage, it can spread to other regions and create a lot of complications in future. You should also understand that it can lead to fatal consequences in advanced stages and the survival rate decreases drastically even after providing treatment at this stage. For this reason, you should always monitor your health condition and go for regular medical checkup whenever you notice such symptoms. Getting relief becomes an easy task when it is detected in the initial stages and the major complication of this disease is that you will have to get your uterus removed permanently to treat the disease.

Last updated on : 14-09-2018

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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