Uveitis

In our eyes, the uvea is responsible for supplying blood to the retina. In some cases, it can get swelled leading to the Uveitis condition. It is usually due to some infection even though it can happen due to other reasons. It is not a serious problem in most cases and most patients only experience mild pain due to redness in the middle region of the eye. In extreme cases, it can lead to blurred vision and this usually happens when treatment is not provided at the right time. You should be careful about exposure to toxins or injury to the eyes as this can lead to Uveitis in many cases. Apart from that, even some autoimmune disorders also can trigger this condition in many individuals. There are different types of Uveitis depending on the location affected in the eye. Even the treatment for this condition depends on the type of uveitis and what caused this condition in the first place. In most cases, medication will be more than enough to treat this condition and patients can easily get back to normal life after treatment.

Types of Uveitis

-  Anterior Uveitis : This type affects the frontal region of the eye and it is also known as Iritis. This is very common and it is not very dangerous unlike the other types of Uveitis. It can affect one or both eyes at a time. The most common symptom you can notice is the redness of the eyes when you are affected by this condition.

-  Intermediate Uveitis : This type of Uveitis affects the middle region of the eyes and it is commonly referred to as Iridocyclitis. The most common contributor to this condition is an autoimmune disease and it can even affect healthy people who do not have any other problems. It can lead to inflammation of the eye and also cause other complications when it is not treated in the proper manner.

-  Posterior Uveitis :  This condition affects the backside of the eye and it is generally known as Choroiditis. In our eyes, the choroid supplies blood to the back region of the eye and this condition affects the blood vessels and tissues in this region. You are more likely to get this condition if you are suffering from an autoimmune disease or when you are infected with some bacteria or virus. This condition is however not very common and when it happens, you need to be very careful as it can even scar the retina and lead to vision loss in extreme cases.

-  Pan-Uveitis : This condition affects the entire eye and hence the name Pan-Uveitis. When it comes to symptoms, you will often notice all the symptoms of the other types of Uveitis. It is very difficult to treat this condition and you need to be careful right from the initial stages to avoid further complications.

Symptoms of Uveitis

- The most common symptom of this condition is redness in the eyes. This can be seen clearly and you will also feel some itching or burning sensation in the eyes.

- Some patients also complain about pain in the eyes when they are suffering from this condition. When you experience such symptoms, you should immediately approach your doctor and get yourself examined thoroughly as this will give you relief in quick time.

- You may also experience sensitivity to light during this stage and when this is happening without any strain to the eyes, you should take it as a clear symptom of this condition.

- In extreme cases when this starts affecting the retina or cornea region, it can result in blurred vision. As the retina will no longer be able to process images, this results in blurring of images.

- Some patients also develop dark spots in the middle region of the eye. This can obstruct the normal functioning of the eyes even though it is not potentially dangerous in nature.

- Remember that this condition can affect both the eyes at a time and just a single eye. In some cases, one eye may be working perfectly fine while the other one may develop redness and cause severe pain.

Causes of Uveitis

- In most cases, the exact cause of Uveitis will not be known and doctors will provide treatment to ease the symptoms and reduce the pain. It can easily be triggered due to external factors such as toxin exposure or also due to internal factors like autoimmune diseases.

- If you had any injury to the eyes recently or got some surgery done to treat other condition, you may be affected by this condition. However, in this situation, it can easily be treated as it will naturally heal after a certain duration of time.

- When the condition is due to some inflammatory disorder, you need to pay attention to the disease that is causing this condition in your eyes. Once you are able to provide proper treatment for the cause, you will notice a reduction in symptoms.

- In some cases, you can get Uveitis when you are suffering from some infections like herpes or syphilis. Many tuberculosis patients also develop Uveitis and they should be very careful about symptoms of this condition and get treatment at the right stage.

- Many autoimmune disorders like sarcoidosis, psoriasis and even arthritis can trigger Uveitis in many patients. In this situation, importance should be given to treating the immune disorder and it becomes easy to control the symptoms of Uveitis in this manner.

- This condition can also occur due to trauma to the eyes and you should always be careful about such symptoms. Never underestimate the pain or redness in the early stages as this can lead to severe complications at a later stage.

Diagnosis of Uveitis

- The initial diagnosis of this condition will begin with the physical examination of the eye. In most cases, you will be referred to an eye specialist who can easily identify the condition. They may even take some fluids from the eye so that it can be tested in the lab for further diagnosis.

- In the next step, you may be required to undergo a blood test to determine the cause of this condition. As many autoimmune diseases and viral infections can cause this disease, it becomes essential to identify the cause so that it can be treated to reduce the symptoms.

- The Angiography of the region will give a clear picture of the flow of blood in the retina and also the damage to the tissues in this region can be easily identified with this test.

- In some cases, you may need to undergo various other tests to determine the underlying condition that is causing this disease. Once this becomes clear, it becomes easy to treat the condition with proper medication.

Prevention of Uveitis

- There are many precautions you can take when it comes to preventing Uveitis. The first thing you need to do is to avoid exposure to toxic chemicals and smoke. This can easily cause various problems and you can get Uveitis in this manner.

- Another thing you need to be careful is about bacterial and viral infections. Make sure that you clean your eyes with clean water that is free from any contamination especially when you are moving outdoors. This will ensure that your eyes will not get infected with water from contaminated sources.

- You can wear protective gear for your eyes when you are working in factories or other outdoor locations. Apart from that, wearing good quality sunglasses can also help you to avoid UV exposure and this will reduce the symptoms of Uveitis and control the inflammation to a certain extent.

- Also remember that you can easily get this condition due to autoimmune diseases and whenever you are suffering from that condition, you need to take care of your eyes and identify the symptoms early so that you can get treatment at initial stages. This will help you to control the inflammation and you can get relief in quick time.

- You need to understand that prevention is very important as treating this condition can become a difficult task in advanced stages. Remember that when the problem is neglected in the initial stages, it can even lead to loss of vision in extreme cases.

Treatment for Uveitis

- The first stage of treatment will focus on treating the underlying condition that is the major cause of this disease. During this stage, the inflammation is brought under control by using certain drugs that can be injected directly or taken in the form of pills.

- Once the underlying cause is determined, you may be given some antibiotics or antiviral medication to control the infection in the body. Once this is achieved, you will notice a reduction in symptoms in most cases and it becomes very easy to handle the situation.

- When the condition is very severe, you may need surgical treatment as this will give you long-term relief from the problem. The vitrectomy procedure will remove some part of the affected area and this will be helpful to manage the symptoms in quick time. This will be chosen only when medication and other methods are not providing proper results.

- In advanced cases, it can be difficult for people to undergo surgery due to other complications. In this situation, a device may be implanted into the eyes that will release the medication in a steady manner as desired and this gives long-term relief from symptoms of Uveitis. It can even stay in the eyes for a couple of years and this will help to prevent further complications that may arise out of this condition.

- Even after getting suitable treatment, you may get back this condition again and you need to be aware of this fact. Make sure that you take good care of your eyes and keep a watch on the symptoms of this condition. Whenever you notice further symptoms, you need to approach your doctor immediately and get the suitable treatment again to avoid further issues.

Complications of Uveitis

- In normal cases, this condition will not lead to severe complications when you get treatment at the right time. Only when it is neglected for a long duration, it can lead to many complications and in extreme cases, it can even lead to complete loss of vision.

- When the condition starts affecting the cornea, it can lead to cataracts that will affect the vision in the long run. You should never neglect symptoms in the early stages and get treated as soon as possible so that you can avoid such issues in the future.

- This will also lead to fluid formation inside the retina and it will not be able to focus the images properly. In this way, it will not be able to send the signals to the brain in the proper manner and this results in blurred vision in many individuals.

- In severe conditions when treatment is not given properly, it can lead to severe pressure in the eye and cause Glaucoma. You will have to pay attention to symptoms at early stages to avoid such complications.

- In a rare situation, it can lead to detachment of the retina and when this condition is ignored, it can easily result in vision loss as the retina no longer processes the images in a proper way.

- It is also common for the optic nerves to get damaged due to this condition.

Conclusion

When you are affected with this condition, the primary aim is to reduce the pain and discomfort caused by this condition. The initial treatment will focus on the reduction of inflammation and certain medication along with eye drops will be prescribed at this stage. The main cause for this condition is later identified and treating this condition will automatically reduce the symptoms of Uveitis in quick time. When you provide good care in the early stages, it becomes easy to manage the symptoms and only in extreme cases, it can lead to vision loss. However, it is very rare and you need not panic when you have this condition as timely treatment will give effective results in a short duration of time.

Last updated on : 14-09-2018

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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