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Viagra 100 MG Tablet: Uses, Side Effects, Composition, Dosages & Price

Viagra is a prescription drug that belongs to the class of drugs known as ‘Phosphodiesterase – 5 Inhibitor’. It contains Sildenafil as its active ingredient and is primarily used to treat erectile dysfunction. Doctors may also prescribe this medicine as an effective drug to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Viagra is manufactured and marketed by Pfizer Ltd. It is available in the form of 50 mg and 100 mg tablets.

Viagra 100 MG Tablet
Nature Phosphodiesterase – 5 Inhibitor
Uses Erectile Dysfunction and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Composition Sildenafil
Side Effects Sleeplessness, Dizziness, Headache, Palpitations, Nausea, Diarrhoea, Flushing, Indigestion, Nasal Congestion, Nosebleed, Cloudy Urine, Painful Urination, Sensitivity to Light, Visual Disturbances, Prolonged and Painful Erection, Excessive Tearing of Eyes
Precautions

Hypersensitivity, Hypotension, Deformation of Penis, Priapism, Loss of Hearing, Loss Vision, Heart Diseases, Surgery, Renal Impairment

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding (when administered to women to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension)

Uses & Benefits of Viagra:

Viagra 100 MG Tablet is used in the treatment and prevention of following diseases and conditions:

  • Erectile Dysfunction: It is a physical or psychological condition in which the male experiences persistent difficulty in achieving and maintaining an erection sufficient to carry out a sexual intercourse. Viagra 100 mg Tablet helps in achieving a successful penile erection by increasing the blood flow in the penis during sexual stimulation.
  • Pulmonary Arterial Disease: It is a health disorder associated with high blood pressure in the blood vessels caused due to an obstruction in the small arteries in the lung. Viagra provides relief in such conditions by lowering down the blood pressure.

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Side effects of Viagra:

Apart from the intended effects of the medicines, it may cause some unwanted side effects in some cases. Some of the possible side effects that may be experienced while administering  Viagra 100 MG Tablet are as follows:

  • Sleeplessness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Flushing
  • Palpitations
  • Diarrhea
  • Indigestion
  • Nosebleed
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Bloody and Cloudy Urine
  • Painful Urination
  • Sensitivity to Light
  • Deafness
  • Ringing or Buzzing in the Ears
  • Excessive Tearing of the Eyes
  • Visual Disturbances
  • Burning, tingling, numbness in hands and feet
  • Prolonged and Painful Erections

The patient may experience side effects apart from the listed ones. These side effects may or may not be life-threatening. In case a patient experiences any unwanted side effects after consuming the drug, they should seek immediate medical attention.

Read More: Duolin Side Effects | Dytor Side Effects

Common Dosage of Viagra:

The patient should administer Viagra 100 mg Tablets in accordance with the instructions prescribed by the doctor.  Usually, doctors prescribe 25 to 100 mg Sildenafil in a day. However, the dosage may vary with the severity of the ailment to be treated. A few other factors that help in deciding the dosage are the BMI of the patient, age of the patient and other underlying health concerns.

  • Missed Dosage: When prescribed to treat pulmonary hypertension, the patient should take the missed dose as soon as it is remembered. However, it is advisable not to take the missed dose if it is almost time for the next dose. Under no circumstances should a double dose be taken to compensate for the missed dosage.
  • Overdose: The maximum permissible dosage of Viagra is 100 mg per day. Consuming the medicine more than the prescribed amount may cause serious side effects or drug toxicity. Thus it is recommended to refrain from taking more than the prescribed amount of the medicine. However, if an overdose is suspected, it is advised to consult a doctor immediately to seek medical attention and remedial action.

Read More: Ecosprin AV 75 Dosage | Ecosprin 75 Mg Dosage

Composition and Nature of Viagra:

Viagra belongs to the class of drugs known as ‘Phosphodiesterase – 5 Inhibitor’.  The active ingredient in Viagra is Sildenafil. Depending upon the variant, each tablet contains 50 or 100 mg of Sildenafil.

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How to use Viagra 100 mg Tablet?

  • Viagra Tablet should be consumed exactly in accordance with the instructions prescribed by the doctor.
  • The patient should not increase or decrease the dosage without consulting a doctor.
  • It is advised to swallow the tablet as a whole, without chewing, crushing or breaking it.
  • In the case of erectile dysfunction, it should be consumed at least thirty minutes prior to a sexual intercourse. The medicine shows its peak effects within 1 hour of oral administration.
  • Viagra can be taken with or without food, as advised by the doctor. However, it is more efficient when taken on an empty stomach. Also, the consumption of Viagra with the fatty meal should be avoided as it may reduce the efficacy of the drug.

How does Viagra 100 MG Tablet Work?

Viagra is a PDE-5 inhibitor that contains Sildenafil as its active ingredient. The medicine works through the following mechanism:

  • Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (or cGMP) is a cyclic nucleotide derived from guanosine triphosphate, which is responsible for signal transducing.
  • Phosphodiesterase – 5 (PDE-5) is an enzyme that is responsible for regulating the localization, duration, and amplitude of cyclic nucleotide signaling within subcellular domains.
  • Sildenafil, being Phosphodiesterase – 5 Inhibitor, inhibits PDE-5 so as to block the degradative action of cGMP.
  • cGMP diffuses into the vascular smooth muscle cells adjacent to the endothelium. Here, it stimulates a cGMP-dependent protein kinase that activates another enzyme known as myosin light chain phosphatase. This, in turn, dephosphorylates the myosin light chains to relax the smooth muscles present in the walls of blood vessels in the penis.
  • When used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension, this medicine simply works by decreasing the blood pressure in the pulmonary blood vessels.

When is Viagra 100 mg Tablet Prescribed?

Viagra 100 mg Tablet is primarily prescribed to treat erectile dysfunction. In certain cases, doctors may also prescribe this medicine to treat and prevent pulmonary arterial disease.

Precautions and Warning - When to avoid Viagra 100 MG Tablet?

Following are the precautions and warning that must be taken into account before and during the consumption of Viagra Tablet:

  • Use of Viagra is not recommended in the patients who are hypersensitive or allergic to Sildenafil or any other constituent of this medicine.
  • The patients must inform the doctor about current medications and over the counter products they have been using, in order to avoid severe interactions and side effects.
  • The doctor must also be informed about any pre-existing allergies and diseases to ensure that no side-effect occur on administering the medicine.
  • In case the patient experiences nausea, dizziness or chest pain during sexual intercourse, the doctor must be informed before starting the course of the medicine.
  • The doctor must be informed if a surgery or dental procedure is planned in the near future.

When Viagra is used to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, the doctor should be informed :

  1. If the patient is pregnant or planning to get pregnant
  2. If the patient is breastfeeding

Viagra should be used cautiously in patients suffering from:

  1. • Hypotension
  2. • Priapism
  3. • Peyronie’s Disease
  4. • Cardiac Insufficiency
  5. • Severe Kidney Function Impairment
  • As people below 18 years of age are at an increased risk of experiencing adverse effects, the use of Viagra should be avoided by them.
  • Viagra has been reported to hamper the patient’s hearing capabilities. It may also result in ringing or buzzing sensations in the ear. If the patient experiences any such side effect, the doctor should be informed immediately.
  • Viagra has been reported to cause visual disturbances, such as a sudden loss of vision and impairment in color differentiation capacity. Hence, the use of this medicine is not recommended for patients suffering from retinitis pigmentosa (a rare genetic disorder of the retina).
  • Patients with erectile dysfunction are at an increased risk of developing Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH). Hence, it is recommended to evaluate the risk of BPH in patients suffering from erectile dysfunction. Viagra is also known to interact negatively with drugs used for the treatment of BPH. Extreme caution must be exercised in such cases.

Substitutes for Viagra 100 MG Tablet:

Any medicine with a similar chemical composition as that of Viagra 100 MG Tablet can be used as its alternative. A few known substitutes of Viagra 100 mg Tablet are:

  • Vigora 100 mg tablet – manufactured by Zydus Cadila
  • Suhagra 100 mg tablet – manufactured by Cipla Ltd
  • Eriacta – manufactured by Ranbaxy Laboratories
  • Intagra – manufactured by Intas Pharmaceuticals

Interactions of Viagra 100 mg Tablet:

Interactions with drugs:

Mixing two or more medicines may change how the drug works and may increase the risk of side-effects. A few drugs that may interact negatively with Viagra 100 mg Tablets are:

  • ACE inhibitors
  • Alpha blockers
  • Amlodipine
  • Atazanavir
  • Atenolol
  • Clarithromycin
  • Carbamazepine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Erythromycin
  • Itraconazole
  • Isoniazid
  • Imatinib Mesylate
  • Ketoconazole
  • Nitrates (Nitroglycerin)
  • Ritonavir
  • Terazosin
  • Tamsulosin
  • Warfarin

Interaction with alcohol:

Interaction of Viagra with alcohol has been reported to cause low blood pressure, thereby leading to dizziness, drowsiness, and fatigue. Hence, it is advisable that the patient should discontinue the consumption of alcohol during the course of treatment.

Disease Interactions:

Use of Viagra should be avoided by the patients suffering from

  • Hypotension
  • Priapism
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa
  • Cardiac Insufficiency
  • Peyronie’s Disease
  • Severe Kidney Function Impairment

Food Interactions:

Consumption of certain food items during the course of treatment with Viagra may affect the action and efficacy of the medicine. A few food items that should be avoided while taking Viagra are:

  • Fatty Food Items
  • Grapefruit Juice

Viagra 100 MG Tablet Variants:

Following are the variants of Viagra:

  • Viagra 50 mg Tablet
  • Viagra 100 mg Tablet

Medicine that should be taken with Viagra 100 MG Tablet:

Administering Viagra Tablet in combination with other over the counter medicines, herbal medicines or vitamin supplements may increase the risk of side effects. A few drugs that should never be taken with Viagra Tablets are:

  • Nitrates (Nitroglycerin)
  • Atazanavir
  • Alpha blockers
  • Atenolol
  • Erythromycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Erythromycin
  • Itraconazole
  • Ritonavir
  • Ketoconazole
  • Other similar drugs containing sildenafil

Viagra 100 MG Tablet Price in India:

Variant Price (in INR) Quantity
Viagra 100 mg Tablet 1055 2 Tablets

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How to Store Viagra 100 MG Tablet?

  • Viagra 100 mg Tablets should be stored in a cool and dry place away from direct heat and sunlight.
  • The packaging of this medicine must be kept intact in order to maintain its effect when being administered.
  • One must keep the medicine away from the reach of children and pets.

FAQs

1) What is Viagra used for?

Ans: Viagra is a Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor that is primarily used to treat erectile dysfunction. It may also be used to treat and prevent pulmonary arterial hypertension.

2) What is Viagra used to treat?

Ans: Viagra is a prescription drug that is used to treat symptoms associated with erectile dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension.

3) What are the possible side effects of Viagra?

Ans: A few common possible side effects of Viagra are:

  • Nausea
  • Flushing
  • Sleeplessness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Diarrhea
  • Indigestion
  • Nosebleed
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Cloudy Urine
  • Painful Urination
  • Sensitivity to Light
  • Ringing or Buzzing in the Ears
  • Excessive Tearing of the Eyes
  • Visual Disturbances
  • Burning, tingling, numbness in hands and feet

4) Can Viagra be administered to women?

Ans: Yes, Viagra can be administered to women but, only to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. The efficacy of this medicine to induce sexual responses in women has not been clinically established yet.

5) What are the storage requirements for Viagra Tablets?

Ans:

  • The medicine should be stored away from direct sunlight and heat.
  • It should be stored in a dry and cool place.
  • The medicine should be kept out of reach of pets and children

6) Can I consume Viagra on a regular basis?

Ans: No. Viagra should only be administered in the exact dose and duration as prescribed by the doctor. Prolonged use of Viagra may result in the occurrence of severe side effects.

7) Can I consume alcohol during the course of Viagra?

Ans: No, consumption of alcohol during the course of Viagra is not advisable. Their interaction may result in the occurrence of adverse effects such as low blood pressure, dizziness, drowsiness, and fatigue.

8) How long does the effect of Viagra last?

Ans: Viagra starts showing its effect within 30 minutes of oral administration. The effect of a single dose of Viagra may last up to 4 hours.

9) When should I take Viagra Tablet?

Ans: It is recommended to administer Viagra tablet at least 30 minutes before a sexual intercourse. However, when being used for treating Pulmonary Arterial Disease, it is recommended to adhere to the dosage instructions given by the prescribing doctor.

10) How does Viagra Tablet work?

Ans: Viagra is a PDE-5 inhibitor that works by relaxing the smooth muscles present in the walls of blood vessels in the penis. When used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension, this medicine works by decreasing the blood pressure in the pulmonary blood vessels.

11) Is it safe to drive post-consuming Viagra Tablets?

Ans: As the consumption of Viagra Tablets may cause side effects such as dizziness and visual disturbances, it is not safe to drive post-consuming the medicine.

12)  Is Viagra Tablet available as an Over- the- Counter medicine?

Ans: No, Viagra is not an over-the-counter medicine. It legally requires a prescription to be dispensed.

13) Can I immediately stop the consumption of Viagra Tablets as soon as I see improvement in my conditions?

Ans: When being used to treat erectile dysfunction, you may stop the consumption of this medicine as soon as an improvement in the condition is experienced. However, when being used to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, it is not advisable to abruptly stop or alter the dosage of Viagra Tablets even if an improvement in the condition is experienced. Altering the course of the medicine may cause the occurrence of unwanted effects. The doctor should always be consulted before stopping the consumption of medicine.

15) Will Viagra Tablet cause an erection even if I am not sexually aroused?

Ans: No, Viagra Tablet does not cause an erection until you are sexually aroused.

15) Does Viagra Tablet have a habit-forming tendency?

Ans: No. The medicine does not show any habit-forming tendencies. All medicines that are addictive by nature are classified as schedule X or H in India and as schedule II-IV in the United States. It is advised to read the packaging label of the drug carefully for all the related information.

16) What are the contraindications of Viagra Tablet?

Ans: Following are the contraindications of Viagra Tablet:

  • Hypersensitivity
  • Riociguat
  • Medicines containing Nitrate

17) Is Viagra Tablet banned in India?

Ans: No. Viagra is not banned in India. However, it is a prescription only medicine that needs a prescription to be dispensed.

18) Is Viagra safe to be consumed by pregnant women?

Ans: No. Viagra is usually not administered to females. However, when being used to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, it is not safe for pregnant women. This is because the medicine poses a serious threat to the health of the developing fetus. The medicine may be administered by pregnant women only if it is deemed absolutely necessary for consumption by the doctor and if the benefits outweigh the risks and the.

19) Is Viagra safe to be consumed by lactating females?

Ans: No, Viagra is not safe to be consumed by lactating females. The medicine may adversely affect the health of the nursing infant. If absolutely necessary, lactating mothers must refrain from breastfeeding until the medicine is completely eliminated from the body.

20) Can Viagra help in early ejaculation?

Ans: Yes. Viagra can help sustain longer erections and treat early ejaculation.

21) What will happen if I overdose on Viagra Tablet?

Ans: The maximum permissible dosage of Viagra Tablet is 100 mg a day. Overdosing on Viagra tablet may lead to severe side effects such as painful urination, prolonged erection, and visual disturbances. If an overdose is suspected, patients must visit a doctor immediately to seek remedial action.

22) What if I miss a single dose of Viagra Tablet?

Ans: It is generally advised to take the missed dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, it is recommended to administer the next dose and skip the missed dose. Under no circumstance should a double dose be taken to compensate for the missed dose as it may lead to drug toxicity or other severe side effects. This is applicable only if Viagra Tablet is prescribed to treat Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

Read More: Suhagra Substitute | Eltroxin Substitute

Last updated on : 26-09-2019

Disclaimer : Docprime doesn’t endorse or take any guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of information provided under this article and these are the views strictly of the writer. Docprime shall not be held responsible for any aspect of healthcare services administered with the information provided on this article.

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