A Whole BMD (Bone Mineral Density) Test is a non-invasive radiological test that uses a minimum amount of radiation to measure how much calcium and other types of minerals are present in the bones in body.
Procedure of the Test:
Whole BMD Test is performed at the radiology department of a hospital or a lab. In the lab, a DEXA scanner is available that produces a safe level of radiation that passes through the chest, hips, hands, fingers and other body parts. During the procedure the doctor may ask the patient to lie down in different positions. Then after the scan, the results of the test are usually reported as a T-score and Z-score to determine the amount of calcium and other types of minerals present in the bones.
Why get tested?
A Whole BMD Test uses a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan to:
Diagnose for bone loss and osteoporosis
Evaluate the efficacy of osteoporosis
Predict the risk for bone fractures in future
This test includes
Whole Body BMD
The test does not require any specific preparations. However, mentioned below are a few points that must be kept in mind prior to undergoing the Whole BMD Test -
The patient might be given a hospital gown to wear at the time of the scan.
The patient should avoid taking calcium supplements at least 24 hours before undergoing the scan.
The patient might be asked to remove the jewellery items or any other metal objects that might interfere with the image.
Pregnant women should inform their doctor and the lab technician to avoid any adverse effect of radiation on the foetus health.